The Synthesis Process And The Macromolecules Essay

1012 Words Sep 18th, 2015 5 Pages
Now onto the fresh information, the Dehydration Synthesis process and the Macromolecules. I’ll start with the Macromolecules. These molecules are the four molecules all living things need to survive. The four molecules are Proteins, DNA, Carbohydrates, and Lipids. Each of these molecules is made of Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen at the very least. Proteins have Nitrogen as an added element, and DNA has Phosphate and Nitrogen. The base structure of each molecule has a carbon skeleton. This means that structures have Carbon as the base, in diagrams the carbon skeleton will have many bonds but you can recognize it because it will be in the middle of every molecule. Carbohydrates are the main fuel molecules for cellular work, and they provide raw materials to make organic molecules. They are composed of Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen atoms. The building blocks of any macromolecule is called its monomer, and for Carbohydrates its called a monosaccharide. An example of a monosaccharide is glucose from plants. This glucose monomer is used to make more complex disaccharides and polysaccharides. A disaccharide is two monosaccharides bonded by dehydration synthesis, which I will explain later. A polysaccharide is 3 or more (usually thousands) of monosaccharides bonded together to create a very complex sugar. An example of a polysaccharide is glycogen, which is energy storage for animals. Another is chitin, which is building material for the exoskeleton of an insect. One way to recognize…

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