HIV: The Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Improved Essays
HIV (also known as the human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus which targets and attacks the immune system which in turn weakens your ability to fight infections and disease. If left untreated the HIV can lead to a disease called AIDS (which is known as the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). HIV affects the specific cells of the immune system which are called the CD4 cells and if left untreated, HIV can eliminate so many cells from the body and ultimately the body cannot fight off other infections or disease.
There are many symptoms/signs that you may have HIV. Within the first month or two upon catching HIV, almost 40% to 90% of people experience flu like symptoms which is known as ARS (acute retroviral syndrome). However sometimes the
…show more content…
In this procedure, a small amount of blood is taken and tested in a laboratory. The result from this test is usually available within a few days and some cases on the same day. These tests however can only provide a reliable result after the patient has been exposed to HIV over 4 weeks. There are also other tests available which can help determine if you have HIV or not. One of these tests are the “point of care test kits”. This test tests a sample of the saliva taken from the mouth or a spot of blood taken from a pricking a finger with a needle. However results from this method can take several weeks if you have been infected with HIV for the virus to show up. There is also a tests which include the CD4 count. As mentioned before CD4 cells which are targeted and destroyed by the HIV. Even if there are no symptoms, The HIV infection progresses to AIDS when the CD4 count is below 200. There is also the viral load. This test measures the amount of virus which is present in the blood. In some cases the doctor may also order lab tests to check for other complication which includes tuberculosis, hepatitis and …show more content…
Those people are generally discriminated and due to the fear of discrimination lead people to a decision of not getting tested or disclose their HIV status and most likely not take any antiretroviral drugs. Due to this discrimination, these are the possible consequence of HIV-related stigma to be the loss of income and livelihood, loss of respect, loss of marriage/spouse, depression and poor care within the health sector. This is due to others believing that skin contact or anything they touch could spread the disease. Unstable housing has also been linked to the risk for HIV infection which includes IV drug use and unsafe sexual behaviours. Social economic status also determines the access to HIV treatments as people with low SES have delayed treatment and as they may not have sufficient health coverage, they may not receive optimal treatment and care for

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Death Sentence Virus

    • 1546 Words
    • 7 Pages

    One way to be tested for aids is to test the person 's blood or saliva for antibodies against the virus. However, you could be positive and the test could come up negative because it takes up to 12 weeks for your body to develop the antibodies. Clearly, a virus in which lowers the body 's immune response will have some complications. There are numerous amounts of infections or malignant diseases you could acquire due to aids, but I will name the more common types of infections or diseases. In no order, tuberculosis which is an opportunistic infection, cytomegalovirus which is simply herpes passed on through bodily fluids, cryptococcal meningitis, toxoplasmosis if the person is or has been exposed to any cats or cat feces, and candidiasis.…

    • 1546 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    History Behind HIV/AIDS

    • 1223 Words
    • 5 Pages

    HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus while AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. The difference between the two is that HIV can hid for long periods of time in your cells within your body. HIV attacks your T-cells and CD4cells, which the body has to protect, and fight off infections/ diseases. Overtime HIV can destroy so many of your T-cells and CD4cells that your body cannot fight infections or diseases anymore which leaves your body extremely vulnerable. HIV can be inherited or transmitted, but AIDS cannot be inherited.…

    • 1223 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The viral load test measures the amount of HIV in the blood in which is used to monitor treatment progress or detect early HIV infections. Lastly, the Western Blot test is a sensitive that is used to confirm a positive ELISA test…

    • 713 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    HIV/AIDS In Older Adults

    • 849 Words
    • 4 Pages

    HIV affects the immune system, especially CD4 cells, or T cells. Over time, HIV destroys immune system; the body can’t fight off infections and disease (HIV/AIDS 101, 2015). AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. AIDS is the final stage of HIV infection, but everyone who has HIV does not advance to this stage. AIDS is the stage of infection that occurs when the immune system is badly damaged and the individual becomes vulnerable to opportunistic infections.…

    • 849 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. HIV is able to hide for a long period of time in the cells and attack the immune system, specially the T cells. These cells are in the body to fight infections and diseases, but when someone gets infected with HIV these invades the T cells and makes copies of itself and destroys them. As time goes by HIV can destroy many T cells, which affects the body by making the body weak and not able to fight infections and diseases anymore. HIV id divided into three stages, the early stage, the clinical latency stage, and the final stage.…

    • 995 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The human immunodeficiency virus or HIV is a virus that unlike many other viruses the body can not fight it off, once contaminated with the virus the person must live with the human immunodeficiency virus for the rest of their life. What HIV does is it kills off CD4 Cells or T Cells which are white blood cells that the immune system develops in order to helps the body fight off diseases, infections and other viruses. If the HIV virus is not treated, with time the virus kills so many T Cells that the body is unable to fight off other diseases, virus and infections that attack the body. This virus is spread when a person who 's not in contact the virus shares body fluids with a person who has been infected with the virus. An example of body…

    • 1559 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    In some cases, cancer may up rise from the virus, but it is not very common. (Emiliani, C. 1993) Introduction Human immunodeficiency virus, HIV, is one the world’s most fatal illnesses. (Regents of the University of California) It is a virus in which attacks the Immune system, also known…

    • 1614 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    The second stage consists of HIV dormancy in which the virus is making low levels of the virus but is still active. At this time, some people don’t have any of the symptoms, so this period can last for decades. As the viral counts start to rise in the body, the person goes into stage three. Stage three is full blown AIDS and consists of severely weakened immune systems. (cdc.gov) These people are more susceptible to opportunistic illnesses linked to HIV like PCP (a type of pneumonia), cryptococcal meningitis, and certain cancers like Kaposi’ sarcoma.…

    • 1063 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Ebola virus can be transmitted directly through blood or other body fluids such as vomit, urine, semen, and breast milk, of infected person or indirectly by the objects that has been contaminated by body secretion. However, it cannot be spread through the air (3, 4). The virus is difficult to detect since the early symptoms are often seen as similar to those with malaria and typhoid fever’s patients (4). The time from exposure to infect is ranging from 2-21 days but the most common is 8-10 days (3, 5). The symptoms are included high fever, server headache, muscle pain, vomit, diarrhea, bruising, stomach pain and unexpected bleeding (5).…

    • 854 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Symptoms include rapid weight loss, recurring fever, extreme fatigue, continual swelling of the lymph glands, body sores, colored blotches under the skin, memory loss, neurological disorders, and recurring infection (Symptoms of HIV, 2015). These symptoms may be attributed to other illnesses and testing should take place before concluding the origin of infection. AIDS can prove to be lethal. The body cannot fight against infections and may result in death. In the U.S., the CDC estimated that 1,218,400 people over the age of 13 are living with HIV and almost 13% are unaware they are infected (U.S. Statistics, 2014).…

    • 1375 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays

Related Topics