The Spanish Alhambra

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The Alhambra, translating to “the red” in the Arabic language represents the shade of red the palace reflects when the sun is setting for the day. The palace is located in Granada, Spain and it is the most recognized architectural piece of Islamic art. The red castle has been the symbol of the city for nearly 800 years. The Alhambra was constructed during the 13th and 14th century on its red hill-top during the ruling of Ibn al-Ahmar (Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica). It was last architectural building made in Spain during the Moorish reigning. According to the textbook, The World of Islam, states that the Alhambra is, “the most brilliant relic of the Nasrid civilization, it is an eternal proof of how art can transfigure the poverty of materials …show more content…
The court is centered with the focal point being the pond that is alongside the marble flooring that surrounds the entire palace. The entrance of the palace is framed by the famous arches that are used in many Islamic architecture with a Spanish twist to it. According to Dr. J. Bermudez Lopez, the exterior embellishments of the Comares Palace was commissioned by Muhammad V (Lopez). The Comares Tower is considered to be the largest tower in the Alhambra and it holds the Hall of the Ambassadors, also holds the largest room in the Alhambra (Mirmobiny). The ceilings of the Hall of Ambassadors are decorated in intricate details of mainly gold, hues of blue, and red. The ceilings also mimic an arch like structure that protrudes down to a geometric point and the pattern is repeated to the walls that frame the windows with fine details. The arched windows revitalize the room with the natural lighting and you are able to see the sophisticated tile work that is placed along the walls. The Comares Palace is one of the most well-designed and intricate palace in the …show more content…
From the lions’ mouth water pours out, the complexity of the fountain was beyond even for the 14th century. With the 12 lions representing totality of time and perpetuity, 12 verses of poems that are carved in the Arabic language that acclaim the complexities of its hydraulic system. In the Courtyard, the marble pillars of the colonnades that frame the courtyard are especially remarkable. The balanced, cube-shaped columns, with their edgings ornamented with engravings praising the draughtsman warrant particular attentiveness. The buildings architecture portrays more of the 14th century Spanish with displays of geometric pattern tiling. In Islamic works, animal figured water features are often incorporated around fountains and others because it is used to link two aesthetic points of reference (Hillenbrand). The Palace of the Lions’ quarters were located around the patio and was outlined with large intricately designed pavilions to emphasize the royal quarters. There were two main halls, northern and southern, they were used as royal quarters and each had a large hemispherical vaulted room that was decorated with stucco in muqarnas forms and other decorative

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