The Supreme Sacred Congregation Of The Roman And Universal Acquisition Case Study

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The Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Roman and Universal Inquisition, established in fifteen-forty-two by Pope Paul III (the pontifical incumbent who was also responsible for the authorization of the Jesuit Order), was the primary institution to maintain and implement Papal bulls, in addition to their function of administering legalistic ramifications upon deviants of Catholic orthodoxy within the Papal States, and ostensibly exhibiting proper procedure to Catholic states in the process of formulating the Counter-Reformation. The Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Roman and Universal Inquisition, colloquially referred to as the “Roman Inquisition” , existed as an instrument to actualize the objectives associated with the Counter-Reformation, …show more content…
Provided within the first four canons of the Forth Council of the Lateran, specifically the third canon, was a transparent method postulated by Innocent III to successfully quell the influence of heretics at a universal scale, and the proper manner in which to conduct the conversion and subsequent ramifications in the scenario of failure. The third canon continues to implore temporal leaders that punishment be inflicted upon any heretical actions, and that inactivity in this regard would inexorably result in the application of excommunication; in addition to the threat of excommunication against those who neglected to properly dismember heresy, Pope Innocent III bestowed the indulgences affiliated with embarking on a crusade to individuals who exterminate heresy. The Fourth Council of the Lateran, and Pope Innocent III’s consistent reactions to the emergence of heretical activity, displayed the fundamental procedure at which later variants of the ‘inquisition’ would employ in relation to heretics; the Fourth Lateran Council did not specify the relationship between civil law and clerical law or how inquisitorial process was to interact within the regulations imposed within a specifically monarchical or republican dominion, though the progressive distinction between the various jurisdictional bodies became evident as time

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