The Supreme Court Case : Marbury V. Madison Essay

1279 Words Dec 1st, 2015 6 Pages
In the quest of maintaining constitutional laws, the Supreme Court, a part of the judicial branch of government in the United States of America, was established in the third article of the Constitution on September 20, 1787. The first, and perhaps the most important, Supreme Court case was Marbury v. Madison in 1803. This famous case showed the very first time the Supreme Court upheld its jurisdiction of judicial review, which let the Court ascertain if a law of Congress is unconstitutional and should be stripped of its power. Judicial Review provided the Supreme Court with the ability to make decisions on cases that influenced the lives of American citizens. Between 1857 and 2015, there have been over fifty prominent Supreme Court cases that have affected civil rights. Mapp v. Ohio and Miranda v. Arizona are two Supreme Court cases that prove to be essential in protecting and strengthening individual rights in the United States, as well as reinforcing rights listed in the Fourth and Fifth Amendments of the Constitution. To begin with, the United States Supreme Court is the utmost federal court in the government, constructed with precedence over the lower court system. It has appellate jurisdiction over all cases concerning the Constitution and/or federal law. For a case to reach the Supreme Court, the conflict is required to be between two or more states, concerning an ambassador, or a violation of the Constitution. One case that reached the Supreme Court of the United…

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