The Supreme Court, Brown Vs. Board Essay

1411 Words Dec 7th, 2016 6 Pages
Robert Jackson was a small town New Yorker who rose to the status of a distinguished lawyer, and later became one of the greatest Solicitor Generals. Narrowly missing the appointment of Chief Justice, Jackson was the final associate justice appointed by President Roosevelt. Jackson welcomed the role of a Supreme Court Justice, and developed a practical view of the constitution. Jackson’s main influence to the court came from the Nuremburg trials, in which he was the chief United States prosecutor. After his time abroad came to an end, Jackson used his knowledge from Nuremburg and “Europe to shape American constitutional law” (332). Jackson usually did not recuse himself from many postwar cases, and used his knowledge from Nuremberg in his decisions. In one of the most monumental cases of the FDR court, Brown vs. Board, Jackson declared “if noncitizens held abroad deserved equal justice, then African Americans at home deserved no less” (334). Therefore, Jackson’s background as the chief prosecutor at Nuremburg influenced his voting behavior while on the Supreme Court. Overall, a justice’s background may be seen as an indicator for voting behavior on the court. While other constraints surely existed on the court of FDR, such as public opinion during the wartime effort, a justice’s personal experiences are very influential in their interpretations of the Constitution. As seen with Justices Black, Frankfurter, Douglas, and Jackson, each man had an event, or specific ideology…

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