The Sunshine Policy In North Korea And The Cold War

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The Korean peninsula was originally occupied by Japan from as early as 1910 (Wikipedia, 2016). In 1945, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan and encroached on Korea (Wikipedia, 2016). The United States became wary of the Soviet Union taking over all of Korea and asked that operations be limited to the northern peninsula, which left the southern peninsula free for United States militia to occupy (Wikipedia, 2016). During the Cold War, North Korea copied a system of government similar to that of the Soviet Union (Wikipedia, 2016). For fear that the Soviet Union would try to do the same in the south, the United States formed the United Nations Temporary Commission on Korea (UNTCOK) in 1947 (Wikipedia, 2016). The Soviet Union was angered …show more content…
He received the Nobel Peace Prize for his actions (Lavelle, 2015). The Sunshine policy seemed to be working because North and South Korean troops marched together at the Sydney Olympics (Lavelle, 2015). Even with the Sunshine policy in effect, there were still some incidences of bad judgment between the two states. For example, in the Battle of Yeonpyeong in 1999, several North Korean ships crossed the disputed maritime border and engaged in conflict with South Korea militia (Mullen, et al., 2015). As a result, several North Korean soldiers were killed. In 2002, another North Korean attack of the maritime border ensues but a quick retreat forced by South Korean patrol ships was initiated (Lavelle, …show more content…
al, 2015). This state did not include any military action but did include threats of bombs and missiles against South Korea and the United States (Mullen, et. al, 2015). Even with the state of war declared, things seemed more peaceful between the two countries until March of 2014 when two drones were found in South Korea carrying photos of major South Korean buildings (Levelle, 2015). In October of 2014, military fire ensues between the two sides gunning down balloons that carried negative messages about North Korea (Lavelle, 2015). In August of 2015, both sides have reached a boiling point and military fire is once again ignited at the DMZ border for several days until an agreement is reached to instill peace again (Lavelle, 2015). In alliance with South Korea, the United States has stationed more than 28,000 troops in South Korea to monitor the tensions between the two countries (Mullen, et. al,

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