The Struggle In Democracy In The White Tiger By Arvind Adiga

4049 Words 17 Pages
In The White Tiger, Arvind Adiga, presents a protagonist Balram Halwai who struggles to come to terms with his new identity. While working as a cook, dishcleaner and a driver, Halwai transforms himself into a master. He differentiates himself from his master through actions with consequences. Revolting against the brutality of Ashok and Pinky Madam, he is able to affirm the identity of a successful entrepreneur from a Rikshaw Puller's nameless son 'Munna'. In three years of schooling, a school teacher Krishna gives him a name Balram Halwai. Despite his interest to continue study, his parents at Laxmangarh cannot afford to continue his study and his bold decision of leaving home in search of job drives him towards further struggle. Driving …show more content…
He argues, "The White Tiger echoes masterpiece of resistance and oppression...the unfulfilled promises of democracy"(41). There is a clash between resistance and oppression. Balram represents the agent of 'resistance' where as Ashok and Pinky Madam represent the agents of 'oppression'. The novel exposes the unfulfilled promises of democracy in Indian nationalism. It is said all people can exercise their rights freely in democracy but the question is 'Balram' himself is not secured in his own nation. He is working, living and surviving in fear. He says oral promises do not work in democracy but we need to go through action to make democracy successful. Balram quite interestingly argues, "I am not a sentimental man... I am a man of action"(12). It shows Balram believes in action rather than in speech. He is quite determined that his future success depends on action and for that he should not be sentimental but he should start to do job. He has been so strong that even the death of his mother cannot make him sentimental. He is quite happy as he saw India being free from the British rule in 1947. End of colonial rule has been the occasion of celebration for the subaltern like Balram. Balram's real struggle starts as he begins the job of driving, "The missing man was employed as driver of Honda city vehicle..." (32). Here, he enjoys the profession of driving at Pinky Madam and Ashok in …show more content…
development, economic freedom, self reliance and new agendas"(57). The major issues raised by young are new experience, political freedom, new ideologies, economic freedom and self dependence that are the major features of postcolonialism. In The White Tiger, Balram's struggle and experience is new. In post independence era, he is exercising political freedom. He fights against the attitude of Ashok and Pinky Madam, who are colonial agents and they frequently dominate him. He fights for economic independence, social justice and self reliance. Divorce of Pinky Madam with Ashok, Ashok's murder from Balram and Balram's progress after establishing his own taxi company indicates the end of colonial values and the rising status of the subaltern. Balram calls all the youths of India come forward to build the nation, "... we need more boys to come back and build India into a superpower"(104). He is quite hopeful that if all the youths believe in action then they will really bring change in India. India will be powerful only by the means of entrepreneurship. In front of his master, Balram explores his real identity, "I am a good driver. I don't smoke. I don't drink. I don't steal. I don't disrespect God. I don't disrespect my family... I don't gossip about my masters ..."(60). It shows Balram is quite responsible in his job but his master is not satisfied in his work. The

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