The Struggle And Distinction Between Social Classes Essay

1832 Words Dec 13th, 2014 8 Pages
The struggle and distinction between social classes was a central feature of antiquity, from the first primitive civilizations in Mesopotamia to the advanced republic of Rome. The constant struggle between the upper and lower classes, the rich and the poor, forced lawmakers to try and alleviate these tensions in order to keep their societies from falling apart. However, the approach these lawmakers took to solve these problems were very different from one another. King Hammurabi of Mesopotamia created a law code that solidified the class distinctions present in the society by treating each class differently under the law, while Solon of Athens tried to create balance and compromise between the people by creating four classes based on property that correlated to political power. The Twelve Tables of Rome gave the illusion of equality between the Patricians, the upper class, and the Plebeians, the lower class, by awarding them the same rights under the law, but in reality, did not fully do away with the divide between the two groups.
Ancient Mesopotamian civilization was structured in such a way that class distinctions were an integral component of the way of life. Three different social classes made up this society- nobles, who were large landowners; commoners, who were mainly small farmers; and slaves. The Code of Hammurabi, a law code created by King Hammurabi, who ruled Ancient Mesopotamia from 1792 to 1750 BC, cemented these divisions between social classes into law.…

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