The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions Essay

1582 Words Oct 16th, 2016 7 Pages
Paradigms “The Structure of Scientific Revolutions” introduced Thomas Kuhn’s paradigm theory. Paradigms describe the scientific observations of a natural phenomenon or theory (Kuhn 2012, 41). Thomas Kuhn’s “Structure of Scientific Revolutions,” provides a philosophical look into the scientific process and an understanding of how theories change and progress over time. Paradigms help explain theories, concepts, and observations so they can be learned from (Kuhn 2012, 43). Kuhn himself defines paradigms by using two criteria: “Sufficiently unprecedented to attract and enduring group of adherents” and “they are open-ended, with plenty of problems for the “redefined group of practitioners to resolve (Kuhn, 2012, Introductory essay).” Under this criteria, Kuhn breaks down the process of paradigm development and progression into stages. First Kuhn discusses the process of normal science and concludes that during normal science, phenomena is not expected and it involves puzzle solving (Kuhn 2012, introductory essay). Since society needs new inventions and cures, normal science leaves no room for revolutions (Kuhn 2012, introductory essay). During the pre-paradigm stage, early debates of phenomena take place that lead to the initial recognition of a paradigm (Kuhn 2012, 49). The paradigm stage and the paradigm reinforcement stage bring expected outcomes to further exploration through experimentation. Occasionally, anomalies occur during the practice of science that…

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