The Strategy Hierarchy And Homeland Security Analysis

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The Strategy Hierarchy and Homeland Security The concept of homeland security can be described as a collective interaction and marshalling of resources involving a various agencies at the federal, state, and local levels to protect U.S. borders and the mainland from threats posed by state actors, non-state actors, and other malicious entities. Additional threats homeland security must contend with include those that are biological origin such as highly pathogenic viruses as well as natural disasters such as earthquakes and hurricanes. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is the primary federal agency responsible for homeland security with border security being one of its highest priority missions. The Customs and Border Protection agency …show more content…
sovereignty from external threats (Reese, 2013, p.2). The U.S. Northern Command (USNORTHCOM) protects the continental United States and U.S. territories as well as the land, sea, and air approaches thereof (About USNORTHCOM, n.d., n.p.). The Posse Comitatus Act prohibits the use of the military in law enforcement on U.S. territory in the absence of a directive from Congress or the President (Brinkerhoff, 2002, p.5). However, the DoD is authorized to provide substantial support to homeland security at the tactical level of the strategy hierarchy. This support is important due to the vast resources at the DoD’s disposal. The DoD and the National Guard play a significant role in the border security aspect of homeland security. Predator B drones which the CPB deploys are now equipped with a new electronic sensor system which was provided by the U.S. Army (Napolitano, 2012, 14). This sensor system is far more sophisticated and effective than systems that are ground-based or mobile (Napolitano, 2012, 14). Moreover, the National Guard provides ground support via the deployment of Joint Task Force-North to the Southwest border which assisted DHS in its effort to deploy surveillance technology and equipment along the border which was …show more content…
national security, forms the foundation upon which homeland security and defense policy is based. Homeland security is primarily concerned with border security, immigration, and terrorism while homeland defense focuses on the protection of the U.S. mainland and territories as well as U.S. sovereignty. Specific policies implemented by DHS, the DoD, and other agencies that pertain to homeland security and defense are formulated at the agency level of the strategy hierarchy. Such policies include the deployment of the Joint Task Force-North and advanced technology and equipment given to DHS by the DoD to enhance border security. The implementation of these policies takes place at the tactical level and also demonstrates the policy cohesion and congruency necessary among agencies within the strategy hierarchy for national strategies to be successfully implemented. Furthermore, the strategy hierarchy is seen in DHS efforts to protect critical infrastructure which contains a major vulnerability point in its cross-sector interdependence construct. Office of Infrastructure Protection policies formulated at the agency level are based on the DHS national strategy formulated at the top level and measures to mitigate threats to critical infrastructure are implemented at the tactical level. The strategy hierarchy is central to the formulation and implementation of national strategies

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