The Steps And Challenges Of Strategic Planning In The Public Sector

1666 Words 7 Pages
"Strategic planning is a disciplined effort to produce fundamental decisions shaping the nature and direction of governmental activities within constitutional bounds" (Olsen and Eadie 1982). The purpose of this paper is to describe in detail the process of creating and implementing a strategic plan in the public sector (Dougherty County School System). The steps and approaches taken for strategic planning in a public sector assists organizations with the constant changes to their environments. The public sector strategic planning process provides a useful framework for review of the private sector approaches to strategic planning in the public sector; the efficiency and effectiveness of the government is also an outcome of strategic planning …show more content…
Government Accountability Office (2004, 2005) report that even though strategic planning developed by federal agencies have gotten better with increased efforts, federal managers still dealt with challenges with addressing issues that spread across federal agencies, obtaining the necessary key stakeholders in the strategic planning process, relating annual goals to long-term goals, and identifying the budgetary, human resources, and other resources needed to achieve these goals. Regarding this last point, given the boundary-spanning nature of many of the issues they are confronting, public agencies need to make greater efforts to be more inclusive in their strategic planning, inviting key external stakeholders to become involved in parts of the process or making greater efforts to solicit input from outsiders through surveys, focus groups, executive sessions, or other forums. Furthermore, given that public policy is often determined and carried out in networked environments rather than by single agencies, strategic planning will need to be applied increasingly to collaborative enterprises (Bryson, Crosby, and Bryson, …show more content…
“Strategic Planning is a means to an end, a method used to position an organization, through prioritizing its use of resources according to identified goals, in an effort to guide its direction and development over a period of time” (Bryson, 1995). Many public sector organizations have found that a model system has not been utilized before; the model of strategy development used should point out any differences that may exist in that specific sector. The following models give organization alternatives when approaching their strategic plan. Organizations may choose to create scenario models to help identity their strategic issues and goals. The 1st model is basic strategic planning; this process is utilized mostly by organizations that are small in size, fast-paced, and that don’t have much experience with strategic planning. Within the first year a strategic plan may be implemented, then revised with more thorough details and goals in the upcoming years. The basic strategic planning process includes: Identify the purpose (mission statement); Select the goals the organization must reach if it is to accomplish its mission; Identify specific approaches or strategies that must be implemented to reach each goal; Identify specific actions plans to implement each strategy; and monitor and update the

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