1) According to National Governors Association Center for Best Practices, the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM, 2010) ascertained the standards for mathematical practices are divided into eight broad categories such as make sense of a problem to solve, reason abstractly/quantitatively, construct a viable argument/critique reasoning, model with mathematics, use appropriate tools, attend to precision, make use of structure, and express regularity in repeated reasoning. An NCTM practice empathizes on the importance of "processes and proficiencies" meaning educators outlines the essential features to construct an excellent mathematics program to effectively address students ' learning process. The mathematical educators assess their students ' maturity, qualification, and accurately perform computational procedures to demonstrate they are ready to move up to the next grade.

2) According to Scientific and engineering practices in K-12 classrooms, the standards for scientific practices are divided into eight broad categories such as asking question/defining problems, developing/using models, planning and carrying out investigations, analyzing/interpretation, using mathematic/computational thinking, constructing explanations/designing solutions, engaging in an argument from evidence, and obtaining/evaluating/communicating information (2011).

3) According to International Society for Technology in Education, the standards for National Education Technology Standard…