The Soviet Union Essay

1926 Words Sep 17th, 2016 8 Pages
Whenever a government attempts to change, increase, or decrease the fertility of a women, it is purposefully or unknowingly affecting her position in society. This interaction has had a specifically interesting outcome in Stalin Era Soviet Union, when the Stalin regime began a series of pronatalist - pronatalist meaning a encouragement of reproduction - movements in the 1930s to 1940s. These movements impacted all countries that were a part of the Soviet Union, which stretched from northern Europe to Asia and included Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan. One of the most important pronatalist movements of the Stalin-era Soviet Union was the Decree of 1936. This decree outlined a series of pronatalist programs such as illegilization of birth control, strengthening of the family structure through higher divorce fees and alimony fees, and prestigious awards or monetary bonuses awarded to women based on their number of children.
The decree restricted the freedom of women; but it also emphasized the importance of the mother role while simultaneously protecting her industrial potential. So did this decree empower or oppress women? This raises the question, To what extent did the decree of 1936 empower Soviet women? According to historian Sølvi Sogner, birth rate changes influence women through autonomy, economic power, and prestige. Through these three factors, the impact of the decree of 1936 on women can be evaluated as a collectively positive or negative…

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