Sexual Crime Sociology

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Introduction Sexual crimes are of an enormous complexity, not only to investigate but also to explain and to understand. The key is to be able to differentiate between the sexual crimes. The motivation of offenders can vary greatly, and it can depend on many variables: including opportunity, victim selection, and mental illness. The first important distinction to make is between sex offenders and sexual predators. Sex offenders only commit one crime and most often they victimize only one person, who is usually someone they know, therefore they are not a danger to the general public. On the other hand, sexual predators pose a threat to the general public because they have more than one victim, and they are predatory in the sense that they more …show more content…
Rape and sexual assault during a time a war have been largely neglected by the general population and scholars, and few empirical studies have been conducted to understand this phenomenon. However, rape has been an unstated requirement for wars over many years. That is why is is important to understand what brings certain individuals to commit these crimes. Therefore, my research will focus on the genetic and evolutionary factors as well as the sociological aspects that bring a person to commit rape, and the interactions between these factors. So considering the unique context of civil war, why do certain individuals rape, is it because they know there will know there won’t be consequences? Or is it because there are preset evolutionary forces and some sociological pressures?
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The author also analyzed four different explanations: opportunity, gender inequality, ethnic hatred and cohesion of gang rape. This explanation is not just applicable to war, in fact, Reeves (2007) explored gang rape in fraternities around the country, she shows how gang rape is used as a mean of making a pledge part of the brotherhood. She describes it as a rebirth of the person as a new man. As a form of cohesion for the “brothers in the

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