The Socio Ecological Model Of Public Health Essay

1063 Words Oct 24th, 2016 5 Pages
In public health, a variety of different models are used to assess specific concerns on a variety of different intervention levels. In using these models, programs and interventions can be developed and implemented as a means of determining the most equitable route towards prevention or at least towards a reduction in the hazards relating to the public health concern in question. One of the models that has been used to classify and assess such concerns is the socio-ecological model. The socio-ecological model depicts four or five levels of influence that vary depending upon the organization the model is taken from. In many recent publications, health and behavioral influences are divided amongst the individual, interpersonal, organizational, community and societal levels. Furthermore, this model suggests that actions must take place on all levels simultaneously in order for the most sustainable outcomes to occur (CDC, 2015). For example, the Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) campaign targeted individuals and households through use of community-based activities and social marketing, while also collaborating with institutions to develop stricter policies and reinvent societal norms (MADD, 2015). Having been successful for a number of different campaigns, the socio-ecological model acts as a framework for demonstrating the interplay between the individual, relationship, community and society while taking into consideration the constraints caused by the social determinants of…

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