The Social Transformation Of Vietnam Essay

5183 Words Mar 15th, 2016 21 Pages
Introduction
Doi Moi, the economic reform that has taken place in Vietnam since 1980s, is the most salient contexts that attracts many scholarly attentions. In responding the shift from a command to a market economy and Vietnam’s increasing global integration are the revitalization and restructuring of rituals, the re-emergence of patrilineages in certain parts of the country, the intensification of class stratification, and fundamental shifts in the dominant discourses on culture, nationhood, class, and gender (Luong, 2006). Key debates in the literatures is also in relation to the great social transformation: what is the family structure like in contemporary Vietnam and how it transforms in rural and urban areas in the discourse of modernity and Doi Moi Vietnam; What is gender inequality of Vietnam, and how role of women is constructed, shifts, controlled (by state discourse, modern discourse); How the ritual changes symbolized the transformation of Vietnamese societies, etc. It is clear that the word ‘change’, ‘transformation’ is critical to the anthropological researches for the past a few decades, which reaffirm the main themes of Vietnamese in transformations in the recent histories. The essay is to identify key ethnographies and debates in Vietnam. The ethnographies on Vietnam tend to focus on several subjects: family and kinship, ritual and religion, gender and sexuality, economic development and social transformation (urban and rural development) and ethnic…

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