The Social Structure Theory In Juvenile Delinquency

1900 Words 8 Pages
The social structure theory is a theory of the haves and the have nots. The well off versus those struggling. Age does not play much of a factor in this theory as it is applied to all age ranges. Focusing on the economic status as the primary factor to the contribution of crime, it adheres that one’s need to compete for the American dream. With conformity being the primary mode of adaptation, while all other modes are cynical the American dream is always just out of reach.
The developmental theory translates loosely that kids will be kids, and as they age they will mature and do away with their childish tendencies. The theory recognizes the mental instability of adolescents giving them somewhat of a pass on their behavior. “As Richard Restak (2001) put it, ‘The immaturity of the adolescent’s behavior is perfectly mirrored by the immaturity of the adolescent’s brain’ (p.76).” (Walsh 339) Citing self-control or
…show more content…
Observing juveniles at their onset stage to crime, monitoring the transition zones where social changes led to an increase in juvenile delinquency. “In their analysis of Cook County Juvenile Court records spanning the years from 1900 to 1933, Shaw and McKay (1972) noted that the majority of delinquents always came from the same neighborhoods. This suggested the existence of natural areas that facilitated crime and delinquency independent of other factors.” (Walsh 143)
Flowing in with the developmental theory that low income families tend to live in poorer areas with more affordability. “It is typical for risk (and protective) factors to cluster together. A single parent family, for instance, is a risk factor that can lead to low socioeconomic status and the financial necessity to reside in socially disorganized neighborhoods where children interact with antisocial peers.” (Walsh

Related Documents

Related Topics