The Social Problem Of Domestic Violence

1493 Words 6 Pages
Define and describe the social problem
Domestic Violence also known as intimate partner violence (IPV) is a pattern of behavior which involves violence by one person against another in a domestic setting such as marriage, or cohabitation. Domestic violence is a public health concern around the world that impacts many but often goes unnoticed and unreported. Domestic violence can take a number of forms such as physical, emotional, and sexual; also violence does not discriminate based on age, race, socioeconomic status, ethnicity, sexual orientation, and gender (Zastrow & Kirst-Ashman, 2013).
Physical Violence is the most obvious form of domestic violence. This type of abuse involves inflicting pain by using physical force that results in
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Women whose partners are extremely jealous or controlling are at an increased risk for IPV. Fear also plays a role in IPV because women’s fear tends to include safety for her loved ones, and if ever considered leaving, she fears homelessness or retaliation. When a victim is willing to speak to authorities, they cannot guarantee that she will be any safer than she was previously. Many perpetrators threaten their victims with death, or inform them that they will either take the children, or hurt them to get them to stay. Based on past behavior the victim has no doubt of the perpetrators ability to carry out those threats (Barnett, & Miller-Perrin, 2005).
Many victims are dependent on their abuser, so they have to overcome hurdles in order to leave an abusive relationship. Some even lack formal education necessary to support themselves outside of the relationship. In some places, there are very few shelters, and when one can be found, it lacks the resources needed, or they are turned away due to limited space. Then you might have a family member that encourages you to go back to the abusive relationship, and gives you the impression that maybe you are somehow to blame for the abuse (Barnett, & Miller-Perrin,
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The power and control wheel, developed by the Domestic Abuse Intervention Project is useful in understanding the pattern of abusive behavior used by a batterer to maintain control. The power wheel is often used among service providers to educate both victims and offenders about the elements of domestic violence (Zastrow & Kirst-Ashman, 2013). The wheel identifies different ways that abusers inflict harm on their victims by utilizing coercion and threats, emotional abuse, isolation, using children, minimalizing, denying and blaming, and economic abuse. In contrast, service providers also use the Equality wheel to identify elements of what is considered a healthy relationship. Such elements are honesty and accountability, trust and support, use of non-threatening behavior, shared responsibilities, and responsible parenting (Zastrow & Kirst-Ashman, 2013). As a social worker there are ways in which you should approach victims of domestic violence. Social workers should always approach victims in a compassionate, and objective manner. It is important to never put your thoughts and feelings in their situation; they should be the one to make the decision on whether to leave an abusive relationship or stay. As social workers we provide resources that reduce the perpetrators power and control, and enhance the victim’s resilience and resistance (Ganley & Hobart,

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