The Social Determinants Of Health Essay example
According to Sebastian (2013), one of the intentions of the United States is “to eliminate health disparities by expanding access to health care for vulnerable or at-risk populations” (p. 375). Nurses play a vital role in not only caring for diverse populations, but in advocacy as well. Vulnerable populations are those groups, who have an augmented possibility for acquiring unfavorable health consequences, and comprise of poor and homeless persons, migrant workers and immigrants, abused individuals and victims of violence, and pregnant adolescents (Sebastian, 2013, p. 375). For this reason, nursing interventions in regards to the homeless population should take into consideration their predominant health issues and needs as well as their social, physical, economic, and environmental determinants of health.
Those who are experiencing homelessness continue to be a prevalent and growing public health concern. In 2015, the U.S. Department of Housing and Development reported that 564,708 people are homeless: 206,286 people were in families, 358,422 were individuals, and a quarter of the entire group were children. In addition, 83,170 individuals (or 15%) were considered “chronically homeless”; 47,725 (or 8%) were veterans; 50% were over the age of 50; 110,000 were LGBTQ [lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (and/or questioning)]; 550,000 were unaccompanied, simple youth and young adults under the age of 24 years who…