The Social Cognitive Theory And Theory Of Planned Action And Reasoned Behavior

1423 Words Oct 28th, 2016 6 Pages
Daily exercise is one of the key factors in preventing diseases such as coronary artery disease and other health related illnesses. Regular physical activity has also been linked to better moods, higher self-esteem and overall quality of life. However, unfortunately in America we have a growing obesity rate as well as the illnesses that come along with being highly overweight. Health professionals have begun looking into the causal factors that go in to a person not exercising regularly. With the help of theories such as the Social Cognitive Theory and the Theory of Planned Action and Reasoned Behavior, professionals can better understand etiology and develop strong intervention methods that can lead to people becoming more active and thus leading healthier lives.
Social Cognitive Theory The Social Cognitive Theory is composed of nine constructs that all influence a particular health behavior. The constructs include knowledge, outcome expectations, outcome expectancies, situational perception, environment, self-efficacy, self-efficacy in overcoming impediments, goal setting, and emotional coping. This theory does an excellent job at explaining the etiology and can serve as a basis of intervention for a person who wants to increase their physical activity. While all of the constructs have some use in influencing health behavior, self-efficacy and outcome expectations play the largest role in influencing health behaviors, such as exercise. In a journal published in the…

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