The Social And Political Challenges Of Rapid Urbanization

Amazing Essays
Decades ago and even nowadays, urbanization was and still remains a trend which has influenced people worldwide. “Urbanization occurs when people move from rural to urban areas, so that the proportion of people living in cities increases while the proportion of people living in rural areas diminishes” (Boundless, par.1). Lately, the world is experiencing the largest wave of urban growth in history, and more than half of the world’s population nowadays is living in towns and cities. It is believed that by 2030, the number of people living in cities will “swell to about 5 billion” (UNFPA, par.1). Further, the United Nation Population Fund believes that “Urbanization has the potential to usher in a new era of well-being, resource efficiency and …show more content…
Health is significant to life and as such it must be treated so. Inhabitants of cities tend to be healthier because of the better living conditions and better access to health care. However, when rapid urbanization occurs, …show more content…
These challenges are connected with many problems that remain as a question mark for a long period of time. That is because even the social and economic challenges mentioned above are kind of part of the political challenges. The first thing is that the political leaders and government planner have to respond and try to solve all the problems that are presented by urban populations. This is because all the citizens are directed to government for all the problems they are facing. Then, what government can consider as a challenge, is actually dealing with the rapid urbanization itself. Government has to decide how to interact both with the private in public sector, and “self-help efforts” (Handelman, 195). As it was mentioned earlier in the social challenges of the urban poor, where governments in Less Developed Countries have constructed public housing to alleviate housing shortages. Another political challenge is the social

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Introduction So why do people migrate to cities? Well there is an array of answers which will be covered in this essay. The number of people internally migrating, moving to cities from rural areas within a country is growing, also known as urbanisation (Procupez, 2015). The sovereign state of the United Kingdom (UK) I will use as a case study due to the rapid rate of urbanisation that has occurred up until present. The main points covered will be, what is believed to be the main reason which caused people to move to cities from rural areas and smaller towns just after the industrial revolution compared to today.…

    • 1091 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    It is becoming more urban albeit regional variations across the country. It has grown as the second largest urban system after China. With its huge urban population residing in 7935 towns (Census of India 2011), the country’s urban population has grown to over 377.1 million (31.16 percent). With urbanisation,…

    • 1045 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    David Harvey writes the book of Rebel Cities. In this book, he refers that urban employees class can’t find place in Marxist theory. However they can realize to revolution on the right to the city. He suggests reappropriate to city for anti-capitalist struggle. Rebel Cities analyses that relation with two ways for alienation.…

    • 1057 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Since 1800, the world has experienced the process of migration from rural areas to cities. In 1800, only 3% of total population lived in the urban areas, but in the following two centuries, the population of cities has rapidly increased to over 50% (Godfrey and Julien, 2005). Because of the development of technology, farming has been becoming more effective than ever. The increasing number of farmer has been losing their jobs (Knoll, 2014). Therefore, in many developing countries, the better conditions and opportunities of cities are attracting people to migrate from rural areas (2014).…

    • 1145 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Urbanization is a complex spatial process that converts rural land uses to urban uses, and causes various impacts on ecosystem structures, function, dynamics, and the livelihoods of human beings. It is expected that by 2030, there will be 2 billion new urban residents. The study also suggests that 90 percent of urban growth is taking place in developing world. A largely rural country, with only 17 percent of the population living in urban areas (Nepal census, 2011), Nepal is urbanizing rapidly. With a population of 26.6 million people, the Kathmandu Valley is growing at the 4.7 percent per year, one of the fastest-growing metropolitan areas in South Asia.…

    • 1191 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    It is also astounding that cities are able to bear the total consumption of their residents. The city is central to human life and in 2007 more than half of the world’s population lived in cities and by 2050 that number will be up to three quarters (New Lenses 5). Cities will not be able to keep up with…

    • 1455 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    But with the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet in 1951, rapid growth with marked population expansion occurred since then. Rural areas were also converted to urban towns. In 2000, total population in Lhasa reached 223,000, with built-up area over 45 square kilometers . Population further increased to 740,000 in 2013 . Besides, the economy has changed.…

    • 1226 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Public Health Benefits

    • 1048 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Public health programs are important for people to understand risks and benefits of the health care system. Public health has an ideology of long-term philosophy that promotes healthy living. In addition to this long-term philosophy, public health programs are based on preventive care that benefits the person and the community as a whole. The more educated are community is on their health and health care, the better off society will be. The public health program that is important to me is Division of Community Health (DCH): Making Healthy Living Easier.…

    • 1048 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    With the growing population in the past years comes an increase in urbanization and industrialization, thus increasing the number of buildings in urban areas and consequently this means an overall rise in energy usage by the people. The increase in population and amount of people moving into urban areas is occurring at an alarming rate, but this doesn’t come as a surprise. Ever since 1950 this has been occurring. From 1950 to 1986 there was an increase from 600 million to 2 billion people located in urban homes and if this growth continues, it is predicted that more than half of the entire world’s population will be living in urban cities. In addition, it is projected that 700 million people will move into urban areas in the final decade of this century (1), which is quite the contrast to a hundred years ago when only about 14% lived in cities and even by 1950 it was only 30% of the world’s population who took the leap into city life (1).…

    • 1286 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Urban Development Essay

    • 980 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Resources tie into this because many urban centres have education systems, medical centres, supermarkets and a vast range of other things including jobs. Therefore, people are drawn to urban areas for a better quality of life. Example: Population growth in terms of how many people live in the cities has been increasing since 1800s when it was approximately around 3% of the global population and now it is roughly 50%, displaying a 47% increase (Getis, Getis, Bjellad, and Fellmann, 2011) • Concluding comment: From this it is evident that many people are moving from Rural to Urban locations as a result of more resources and opportunities the urban areas can offer in comparison to rural areas. This movement is facilitating urban development due to the fact that cities must accommodate the population whom are moving to the cities and as a result urban development and city growth occurs. Conclusion In conclusion it is clear that the three key drivers of Population growth, Technology and Urban to rural movement are facilitating and driving urban development in today’s society.…

    • 980 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays