The Six Steps Of The Policy Process Model

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The policy process model displays the stages of how policies are made and what occurs in each process. The model also aids in comprehending the policy actors in each process and in general the steps in policymaking. They are six steps in the policy process model, the first step is identifying a policy problem, the second step is policy formulation, the third step is legitimizing public policy, the fourth is policy implementation, the fifth is policy and program evaluation and the sixth is policy change. Identifying the problem is the first step; this step is not as easy as it seems. In identifying the problem, we have to make sure we don’t include politics in this process. When the problem is identified, we also have to dissect the …show more content…
With this data they can strategically formulate more effective policy proposals. What can stop the process of policy formulation are policy actors not having enough data on the specific policy or interest groups who oppose the policy and in result they declare data that hurts the objective of the policy or destroys its arguments that it’s an effective policy. The third process is legitimizing public policy; this is where some movement begins in the policy process model. Policy can be justified here to create action, this can occur by legislature favoring it by vote or judicial decision. If a policy can be legitimized, it can begin moving and take action. An example of policy actors in this step is Congress, where they can choose to vote for a bill, and make it a law. Frequent lobbying occurs in this process as well to help legitimize a policy. What can hold up the process of legitimizing public policy is not having enough justifications to hold the arguments of such policy needed. In addition, if there is not enough of endorsement, basis or reason for the policy, there will be no need to continue the process to make the policy an actual law. The fourth process is policy implementation; many believe this is the end of the …show more content…
If the policy is not implemented at all, officials will have no way in determining if the policy was a success or a failure, or if it will produce the results desired. The last step in the policy process model is policy change. A policy might be modified for not producing the proper results. A policy may also be brought to an end for not being successful. An example of a policy change is national and airport security after 2001, many policy changes were implemented following the 9/11 terrorist attack. An example of a policy actor in policy change is Congress protesting or demanding to change a bill to create other results than the current outcomes occurring. What can hold up a policy change is the legislature not arriving to a conclusion on a certain policy in determining if the policy should stay the same, be modified or come to an end.
There also might be different proposals to change a policy or to terminate it completely; the legislature will have to use the data acquired in the prior step to make a better decision on the

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