The Six Eras Of Government Employees In The United States

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The United States of America has progressed in federal and state government laws and statures over the last 100 years. The United States of America selections for government employees has changed. The United States had six eras of administrative ways of thinking for selecting candidates. The six eras were the Administration of Gentility, Selection by Spoils, Technical Merit Systems, Expansion of Merit Principles Along with Employee Rights and Seniority, Expansion of Access, and Contemporary Selection Trends. Two of the most important eras were the Selection by Spoils and the Technical Merit Systems, these eras shaped how America government employee selections are made. According to Christopher Fenlon, most state and local government employees …show more content…
The Selection by Spoils was governed by President Andrew Jackson. Although started in 1820 the spoils system made no great headway until President Jackson’s Administration, in eight years removed more men from office than had been removed in the whole 40 years previous largely through the influence of Van Buren, then Secretary of State, who had been brought up under the spoils system in New York State (Brown pg. 196). Andrew Jackson was the seventh President of the United States of America. President Jackson served as President from 1829 to 1837. Some may say he is the founder and creator of the Democrat party, he believed that the winner of Presidency could select his own officials from his own ranks. During the Spoils era, people were getting selected for jobs based on your political affiliation. During this era President Jackson removed about half of the officeholders. Patronage dismissal is the practice where a newly elected official fires employees under his control merely because of their political beliefs or associations, that is, the employee failed to adequately support the newly elected or appointed employer, and is replaced with someone who did (Fenlon 2296). Andrew …show more content…
28). For example, if the Republicans win the presidency, the government are expecting various members in the government as republicans. The opposition that the President picks to run in office, has to be able to do the job through the Presidents eyes, not through the public’s eyes. Presidential appointees in successive administrations generally have decided who would fill the career executive vacancies in their agencies based on clear evidence of a high order of competence and responsiveness: and if, in a few instances, a career executive’s subsequent performance would be less than acceptable, then only an incompetent or unconcerned presidential appointee would find it impracticable to make necessary changes (Bernard Rosen pg. 301). With multiple members with the same political affiliation policies and laws were easier to pass through and come into effect. Politicians deemed a forced alliance of interests to be necessary if executives were implement their pet policies and programs in the face of legislative resistance (Ruhil pg. 28). The transition from the Spoils system to the Merit system was based on the Pendleton Act in 1883. Senator Pendleton introduced a bill to regulate the civil service and to

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