Sino-Soviet Union Case Study

Improved Essays
The split between the USSR and the PRC also knows as the Sino- soviet split happen due to the difference of political ideas and ideological relation between the people republic of china (PRC) and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) during the period of the Cold War. During the Cold War both the USSR and China was the largest communist nation in the entire world. The split between the USSR and the PRC was the first and most serious confrontation to arise in the communist world at that time. The growing tension between these two large communist country by the late 50’s led to theirs separations .The separation between the PRC and the USSR has many factors that contributed to the reason why of this separation in relationship which …show more content…
Individual Personality clashes played a major role that led to the Sino-soviet collapsed. During the time that Joseph Stalin was alive, Mao Zedong had high respect for Joseph Stalin and viewed him as a true communist revolutionary even thought Stalin retreat from treaty negotiations and the Korean War during the 50’s. After Stalin death in 1953, Nikita Khrushchev became the USSR new leader. Nikita Khrushchev had revisionist policies that made Mao have little respect for Khrushchev as the Soviet Union leader and consider him as a “coward bureaucrat “. Khrushchev secret speech of February 25, 1956 in which Khrushchev called for de-Stalinization and denouncing Stalin cult of personality. Mao saw this speech as insult to him since Mao had already established a personality cult in his communist regime. When Khrushchev when to Beijing in 1958 in hopes to repair their relation between him and Mao, He was put in hotel without air-conditions, humiliate and holding talk in a swimming pool in which he could not swim .The Beijing visit had a important impact on how Khrushchev view Mao .The tension rose by 1961, at the Moscow conference in 1961 where Khrushchev called Mao Zedong an “Asian Hitler” and In respond Mao Zedong called him “a useless old boot”. Relations’ tension continues to increase between the USSR and PRC even after Khrushchev office in …show more content…
From the very first beginning of the cold war and also to mention the Chinese civil war of 1927-37 and 1946-49, The USSR had supported the communist party in china due to the fact that the soviet needed a strong communist ally against America and other democracy countries. The USSR was responsible in persuade the Chinese government to enter the Korean War in the name of communists. The result of the Korean war left china worn out and suffered economically and deeply in need on aid from other country to get back up due to the over a decade of warfare in Korea. In February 1950 china and the USSR signed the treaty of Friendship, Alliance and Mutual Assistance which the soviet will provided aid and loans at high rate of interest to support China but this treaty can be seeing as a national security interest for the Chinese government since after the Korean war china need economic aid from the USSR and the USSR needed a strong communist allies to become trade partners in Asia. Later on Mao Zedong saw the treat of friendship as a way for the USSR to exploited china due to the loans that came with high interest rate, which was seen as all in favor of the

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    The argument could be made that the Soviet Union felt a deep attachment to the North Korean communists, and their mutual quest for a world dominated by Communism, but this is a stretch. The Soviet Union had been around for a while at this point, and its actions showed it was more worried about self-preservation, a protective buffer, and countering U.S. supremacy than spreading Communism for Communism’s sake. The Chinese on the other hand had just recently finished a revolution in which they beat back the nationalists forcing them into Taiwan, and Communism finally ruled all of mainland China. This revolution was still invigorated by a true unadulterated revolutionary spirit. “Other scholars place more emphasis on the role of ‘‘ideology.’’ While acknowledging Mao’s reluctance to intervene, they emphasize the inner logic of Mao’s ‘‘continuing revolution,’’ including communist internationalist ideology and national security concerns.…

    • 1275 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Korean War Analysis

    • 817 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Stalin told Enlai that “he [considers] it corrects to concentrate immediately 9 Chinese divisions on the Chinese-Korean border” (digitalarchive.wilsoncenter.org). Stalin’s main purpose for creating and sending this message was to confirm China’s support of the North Korean troops. This is due to the dire situation the Northern forces were in at the time. With the cooperation of U.S. troops, South Korea would soon push the communist forces near Chinese-Korean border and possibly win the war. The Soviet Union knew these implications and signed the Sino-Soviet Alliance treaty with Mao Zedong, which “symbolized a significant level of cooperation” (Yun-sik) between China and the Soviet Union.…

    • 817 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Cold War Impact

    • 2553 Words
    • 10 Pages

    The Cold War had a very influencing impact on several different events that occurred in our society as a whole. Many antagonist beliefs occurred during this war because the Soviet Union practiced communism and authoritarianism while the Americans believed in capitalism and democracy. These two ruling supremacies worked together but also had a continuous conflict after the conclusion of WWII. The Soviet leader was Josef Stalin. Stalin was seen as another “Hitler” for intention to control all of Europe.…

    • 2553 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    talin had hoped to adopt and export the Soviet-style of communism and use it to forge for collaborations with the states surrounding the Soviet. China, being the largest and the newest member of the states that were allied to the Soviet was the major focus of Stalin’s foreign policy interests. Since China lacked modernization, this was a perfect opportunity and, therefore, it would receive assistance. In addition, heavy damage was inflicted on China during the Japanese occupation as well as by the anti-imperialist statements as a result of American-supported Chinese Republicans. However, there was a complex relationship between the communist states.…

    • 2110 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Back in 1917, when Russia first turned Communists during the Great War, America had feared them. The idea that communism was a threat to the free market and could be seen as a course of action to take over the world was enough to cause mass hysteria in America. As a few decades passed, the two countries would surprisingly be forced to join sides in order to defeat the Axis Power that was Germany, Japan, and Italy. When the Axis powers were finally defeated, the Russians had lost over twenty million people while the U.S had only lost a fraction of that. Due to the moderately low count of casualties and the enormous economy that America controlled in comparison to the demolished European countries, America was the strongest country in the world.…

    • 1446 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Mao Khrushchev Case Study

    • 2167 Words
    • 9 Pages

    Since the late 1950s, the split of Sino-Soviet relationship continued expanding in the 1960s under the post-Stalin Nikita Khrushchev’s leadership. In spite of Khrushchev’s downfall in 1965, the Chinese rejected any possibility of accommodation with the Soviet Union, meanwhile domestically pursuing a reversal of professionalization of the People’s Liberation Army to support its politicization doctrine. The major connection of these two policies exists in the ideological fissures derived from the late 1950s between the Chinese chairman Mao Zedong and the Soviet leader Khrushchev. A series of international as well as domestic chaos throughout the late 1950s and early 1960s resulted in the increasing ideological polemics between the Chinese and…

    • 2167 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    General MacArthur was appointed to command U.N. forces in Korea. He managed to North Korean forces past the 38th parallel. President Truman hoped to weaken communist powers set by the Soviet Union. MacArthur’s odds were looking good until the Chinese intervened. Stronger communist forces pushed Americans into a retreat, which Americans pushed back harder.…

    • 761 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The United Nation, who formed with the major goal of ending communism, supported South Korea. Similarly, the Chinese Republic supported Communist North Korea. Mao began to fear that the United Nations would push into Manchuria as they drove the North Koreans back. As a result, he ordered two hundred thousand troops to drive the United Nations back to the 38th parallel. During this conflict, the Soviet Union played a significant role in China and Korea’s success, as the Soviet Union provided materials, medical services, and air crafts to aid the North Korean and Chinese forces.…

    • 736 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Cold War began in the late 40’s. The Cold War was known as a propaganda war between the USSR and the United States. Truman Doctrine announced that the United States needs to take responsibility for defending people throughout the world from communist aggression. (Cold War History) The battle between communism and capitalism affected Americans for decades. Majority of these ways being negative because it left fear in many Americans.…

    • 1163 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Because China is a big country like us and resembled us in a lot of ways. So, them falling to communism made a lot of people think that we could fall in the same way they did. But the one event that really did scare a lot of people is the Korean War. It did this for a few reasons, one being this was the first major war in the cold war and another being it showed the might of the soviet’s and China’s communist regimes(Doc H). This was a scary time for Americans but it wouldn’t hold a candle to the thought of there being spies in our own country or the idea that the world could end in nuclear…

    • 1068 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays