The Sentencing Of Criminal Punishment Essay

1533 Words Nov 22nd, 2015 7 Pages
Before committing a crime, would you think about how much time you would spend incarcerated for it? During colonial times, criminal sentencing in America was introduced initially on retribution and then later on in prevention. By the late 1800s, sentencing in America had become dominated by rehabilitation. The goal of criminal punishment was to transform the offender by changing their ability to commit crime again. In order to accomplish this, sentencing needed to be uniquely flexible per individual. This led to “intermediate sentencing,” named because the exact term of punishment was uncertain. By this meaning an offender could be sentenced to 6 months, however that offender could spend 6 months or more, the sentence time was uncertain. The sentencing involved wide ranges from minimum to maximum terms that would stretch from a single day to a lifetime of imprisonment. These wide ranges of sentencing allowed increased control of when an offender was rehabilitated enough to be returned to society. Although indeterminate sentencing was founded on a rehabilitative philosophy of punishment that emphasized the exact needs for different offenders. In the 1960s trust in the criminal justice system became questioned for a variety of reasons. As part of the civil rights movement, a due process revolution swept through the criminal justice system that changed the the fairness and the equal treatment of offenders. In 1974 a group of researchers published a founded evaluation of 231…

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