The Self Determination Theory : Competence, Autonomy And Development

776 Words Nov 6th, 2015 4 Pages
What is self-actualization? “People have an inherent tendency toward growth and development and that this tendency, under the right circumstances, lead people toward actualizing their human potential, which means to become all that they are capable of being” (Deci et al., 2013). The Self-Determination Theory highlights competence, autonomy and relatedness as needs that are universal for human functioning. Competence is one’s own ability to interact with the environment. This need of competence is not measured by level but by how one views themselves. The view of competence is a notion in many motivation theories. The next need is Relatedness. Relatedness is the need to form emotionally secure bonds with people. This can refer to significant others, friends or cultures. Belonging is a necessity to human survival, this helps individuals develop themselves. Environments can help humans realize their talents and be supported by others. The need for Autonomy is one’s sense of their ability to make choices. Humans have a need to feel as though they have the ability to make choices and are in control of their life. The Self-Determination theory makes a point to say that their definition of autonomy does not mean independence because people can be independent but also dependent on other people. Greater feelings for significant others is actually related to stronger feelings of autonomy. The final need in the Self-Determination Theory is restoration and accommodation following…

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