Causes Of The Second Punic War

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The second Punic war was the result of the growing rivalry between the two great powers that were now struggling for supremacy in the western Mediterranean (Rome and Carthage), with the trigger of the war being the rapid growth of the Carthaginian dominion in Spain, with Carthage building up a great empire in the Spanish peninsula, expecting to raise new armies to invade Italy.

The second Punic war was a conflict of a military Carthaginian genius called Hannibal against Rome, and later shared with the young Roman general Scipio, who effectively offset Carthage’s looting of Italy and its allies.

In 221 B.C. Hasdrubal, the Carthaginian general that founded New Carthage in the Iberian Peninsula and prone at diplomatic solutions, was assassinated
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In 202 B.C., the final battle of the war was fought near Zama. Hannibal fought at a great disadvantage. His own veterans were reduced greatly in number, and the new armies of Carthage could not be depended upon. In this battle Hannibal was defeated, and the Carthaginian army was annihilated.

The Second Punic war had ended, and in 201 B.C., Scipio had imposed the terms of peace: (1) Carthage was to give up the whole of Spain and all the islands between Africa and Italy; (2) Masinissa was recognized as the king of Numidia and the ally of Rome; (3) Carthage was to pay an annual tribute of 200 talents (about $250,000) for fifty years; (4) Carthage agreed not to wage any war without the consent of Rome.

At the end of the second Punic war, Rome was thus recognized as the power of the western Mediterranean. Carthage, although not reduced to a province, became a dependent state. Syracuse was added to the province of Sicily, and the territory of Spain was divided into two provinces, Hither and Farther Spain. Rome had, moreover, been brought into hostile relations with Macedonia, which paved the way for her conquests in the

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