The Sculptural Groups Of The Sperlonga Sculptures Essay

1456 Words Oct 18th, 2016 6 Pages
The Sperlonga sculptures are four sculptural groups that were discovered in 1957 in a grotto on the coast between Naples and Rome. The location is believed to have been a villa that belonged to the Roman Emperor Tiberius, and it is suggested that the grotto was used for social events. At some point the sculptures were shattered, likely by a rock fall , making their reconstruction a difficult process. It is unknown exactly when the sculptures were created, however, it is commonly accepted that Tiberius himself was responsible for their installation. While the date and origins of the Sperlonga sculptures are debated, they exemplify the style of late Hellenistic baroque. This point will be argued by comparing the Sperlonga sculptural groups to The Dying Gaul which is a commonly accepted example of late Hellenistic baroque.
It is probable that the Sperlonga villa was originally constructed by M. Aufidius Lurcone who was Tiberius’ great-grandfather on his mother’s side. Its ruins show that there were four diverse architectural styles, all of which have been used as evidence to support various theories about the date and method of the sculptures’ instillations. With the discovery of the grotto came the discovery of thousands of marble sculpture fragments that have since been partially reconstructed to form four separate groups. These sculptural groups all feature Odysseus in various situations and it is suggested that they are intended to “show Odysseus in situations that…

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