Essay on The Roman Republic: the Revolt Against King Tarquin

965 Words Nov 5th, 2012 4 Pages
In 510 BC, Rome witnessed a revolt against the rule of the Etruscan kings. According to George Reiff, there is a traditional story about this revolt. It was in this time that King Tarquinius Superbus’s son, Sextus, raped the wife of the nobleman, Tarquinius Collatinus (George Reiff, 2011. Retrieved from http://www.george-reiff.com/rome/early_roman_republic.htm). Kevin Thalersmith added that Tarquinius Collatinus’s wife Lucreatia felt so ashamed that she committed suicide, consequently enraging the Romans. Moreover, Thalersmith stated that the Romans were so angered by this tragedy that they reached the point of revolting and overthrowing King Tarquin and eventually form the Roman Republic (Kevin Thalersmith, 2009. Retrieved from …show more content…
It was after said rebellion that the senate brought to power two consuls, initially being called praetors, a title which was to become the name of a different sector of the republic. These two consuls stayed in service for a year, ruling Rome as kings, both having equal power (Bringmann, 2007). Reiff further stated that it should be kept in mind that the rebellion was indeed a revolt by Rome’s aristocrats. Rome never let the people govern it like the democracy that we know today, nor as the Greeks understood it. All power would reside in the hands of the Roman aristocracy, or what they would call the patricians in the early Roman Republic (Reiff, 2011). The first two consuls to be elected were Lucius Ionius Brutus, the leader of the revolt who was humiliated by King Tarquin in many ways, and Lucius Tarquinius Collatinus, the nobleman whose wife was involved in the tragedy that sparked the rebellion. But with the latter being a Tarquin, the people soon turned against him simply for being related to the despised tyrant. As a result, Tarquinius was exiled and was later replaced by Publius Valerius Publicola. Soon, a significant plot was discovered, with the central goal being to get King Tarquin back in his throne. Brutus’ own two sons were identified as the conspirators, and were sentenced to death. In 509 BC, King Tarquin sought to take back his city with the

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