Research Paper On Carbohydrates

1087 Words 5 Pages
What are carbohydrates?
Carbohydrates play a major role in our body, but many people don’t even know what they are. To show the true role of carbohydrates in the body you need to thoroughly break down every carbohydrate.
CH2O is the general molecular formula for carbohydrates and it was once even called “hydrated carbon”. Each and every carbohydrate contains at least one carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atom, as well as being an organic compound. Though many people believe carbohydrates are bad for the body and strive to live on low-carb diets, carbohydrates are essential for the body to live. 45 percent of our daily calories are meant to come from carbs.
Monosaccharides
Glucose, galactose and fructose are all monosaccharides, the building blocks
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Sucrose is highly known for its negative effects to the body. A diet high in sucrose will eventually lead to tooth decay. The sucrose fuels bacteria which produces the plaque which then subsequently causes cavities. Other dental problem also have a raised risk when a diet is high in sucrose. Weight gain and obesity are another factor in relation to the health complications of sucrose. Excessive amounts of sucrose get stored as fat and will put pressure on joints and organs. The added weight will then negatively affect the nervous system and veins. Despite these health complications, a small amount of sucrose can be beneficial. When it is broken down into glucose and fructose it can provide the body with adequate energy for mental and physical …show more content…
It is found in dairy products and is also known as a milk sugar. Its main role in the body is to provide energy. Once it is digested and has entered your cells, it is metabolized for energy. Another positive role of lactose is its ability to allow you to build muscle. A disproportionate amount of lactose in the diet can lead to weight gain and ultimately obesity. This would then increase the risk for cancer, cardiovascular disorders and type 2 diabetes, so it is wise to limit your intake of lactose.
Maltose: Made of two glucose molecules, maltose is commonly known as a malt sugar. It is one of the least common disaccharides and occurs when grain germinates, in a small proportion of corn syrup and when there is a formation on the partial hydrolysis of starch. Maltose aids in the human body to treat dry mouth by increasing the production of saliva. Another role of maltose in the body is converting the glucose into lactic acid for energy. This energy can then be used in anaerobic

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