Health Information Systems
The shift to the health information management system (HMIS) can be considered as one of the major components to streamline the process of providing improved quality healthcare and shrink costs. According to Zeng, Reynolds, and Sharp (2009), "health information technology (HIT) is the basis for a more patient-centered and evidence-based medicine with the real-time availability of high-quality information" (para.2). This makes the implementation of health information management systems (HMIS) imperative to the success of the healthcare reform system. However, there are legislation and regulations that influence or control their implementation. Governmental policies have a dramatic effect on healthcare organizations and public health as a result of policy changes enacted through the healthcare reform (Balgrosky, 2015). For instance, the health information technology for economic and clinical health (HITECH) act of 2009 is a legislation that provides health and human services (HHS) with the power to institute programs to advance health care excellence, safety, and efficiency through the promotion of health information technology (HIT) such as the electronic health records and private and secure electronic health information exchange. …show more content…
For example, the use of health line seven (HL7) as international data-coding standards provides the framework in which health information systems communicate with one another (Fenton, et al., 2013). Thus, HL7 coding standards have the image of data communication and exchange for the purpose supporting HMIS systems and increase access to more accurate health information. Apart from the inevitable continuous advancement in HIT to facilitate system interoperability, there will be other key trends shaping the adoption of global standards and the of HMIS in the next five years. Some of these major trends may include the mounting impetus for healthcare provider connectivity, increased patient hope of personal participation in the care process, and an increasing focus on the need to handle persistent or chronic diseases.
The success of today 's healthcare care system can be traced to active healthcare management information systems. Therefore, when designing and planning healthcare reform initiatives, it is imperative to consider how they (initiatives) interplay with HMIS and interoperability. The HIT regulations provide the standards and certification requirements for the HMIS particularly the EHRs which are expected