The Role Of Parental And Societal Influences On Moral Development

987 Words Jul 6th, 2016 4 Pages
Moral development can be described as the process of the development of behaviour regulation, which is predominantly shaped by an internalised value system of norms. Such value systems and moral decisions regarding what is right and wrong emerge over the course of evolution. In essence, it is thought that cognitive growth and social experiences lead to the understanding of laws, rules, and interpersonal duties. Over the last few decades the topic of moral development has been heavily explored in a body of academia (Dewey, 1930; Erikson, 1963). The vast majority of the research on moral development is based around the premise that morality is learned and not automatically acquired. Accordingly, the importance of the role of parental and societal influences in moral development has been much debated by developmental researchers, with the general consensus assuming the emergence of moral development to require “the experience of social communication and social interaction between speaking persons…” (Tappan 2006, p.18). Cognitive-development theorists such as Jean Piaget and Lawrence Kohlberg perceive moral judgement to be the product of conscious reasoning and in human nature theory moral development is interconnected with the idea that we are progressive beings. That being said, a recent body of research in psychology has challenged the cognitive development perspective, instead, presenting evidence suggesting that the development of moral judgement is an unconscious,…

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