The Role Of Media On The Fields Of Science, Technology, Engineering, And Mathematics

1406 Words Dec 6th, 2016 6 Pages
Literature Review
The gender disparity in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields in the United States has reached a critical state. Previous research indicates there are several factors that have contributed to the STEM gender gap, including teacher (Beilock, Gunderson, Ramirez & Levine, 2010) and parental influences (Gunderson, Ramirez, Levine, & Beilock, 2011), stereotype threat (Shapiro & Williams, 2012), and institutional climate (Baldwin, 2009; Espinosa, 2011). Considerably less attention has been paid to the influence of mass media on people’s perceptions of women in science and related fields. Most of the existing research on this topic has come to conclude that the media’s role in perpetuating dangerous stereotypes can negatively affect a woman’s motivation to pursue a STEM degree or career. According to a 2009 report on TV and peripheral consumption of media by the Nielsen Company, children between the ages of 6 and 11 spend approximately 28 hours watching TV on a weekly basis (McDonough, 2009). Not surprisingly, concerns over the content of children’s television and other media including the internet and video games have grown considerably in recent decades. Much of this attention has focused on the negative effects of media violence on youth (Anderson, 2003; Ferguson, 2009), while the messages being sent to young children about their social and gender roles have been predominantly ignored. Based on the hours of screen time…

Related Documents