Jimmy Carter Role

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This investigation will closely examine and provide a detailed evaluation and explanation of the role played by Jimmy Carter in the Middle East peace process and will answer the question: For what reasons and in what ways did President Carter mediate the Camp David Accords and set the precedent for future peace agreement between Arab World and Israel ? The primary source which will be evaluated are a biography of the life of Carter, which unfolds in orderly manner the events that led up to Carter’s peaceful diplomatic relation with both faction of the everlasting problem - Arab world and Israel, and a comprehensive historical account about the meeting that resolved the high tension between the arab world and israel at Camp David in 1978. …show more content…
President carter played an instrumental role from the start of his administration to resolve the issue. A stable and an unwavering middle east was the focal point of the Carter administration’s main diplomatic mission. With the diminishing influence of the the Soviet Union, Carter saw this as an opportunity to hopefully pave a way for democracy in the entire middle east and spread the words of freedom and free will. Carter and his Secretary of State, Cyrus Vance, met and negotiated with individual Arab leaders and Israeli politicians. To Carter’s dismay, the election of conservative Menachem Begin as the Prime Minister of Israel on May 17,1977, set a major setback to what he and Vance had done for past four months from the spring of 1977 to the election of Menachem Begin. Begin’s position on the idea of returning land for peace was a major upset for the already stunned Carter. Begin’s party, Likud Party, promise to “greater Israel” posed even more challenge for Carter’s administration. Furthermore to the uncompromising view of the Likud government in Israel, Carter faced with new reality of deep-rooted frictions among the Arab leaders also rendered a role in obstructing the actual improvement in negotiations. King Hussein of Jordan and Hafez al-Assad of Syria did not actively take part in the talks with …show more content…
Considering the proposal, Israel agreed about the Sinai Peninsula while expressing different views about the West Bank and the Gaza. The regarding the West Bank and Gaza led Carter to mediate directly to resolve the deadlock. Following the disagreement, Sadat grew frustrated and expressed dissatisfaction as well as showed the want to cut all talks with Israel. Sensing a major conflict, Carter “decided to invite both Begin and Sadat to Camp David”( Carter p.45). Carter wanted to prove the world that America was able to resolve conflicts through diplomacy rather than war. As he states “ My next act was almost one of desperation”, (carter p45) Carter saw no other option than bringing the two faces: charismatic Sadat and conservative Begin to the same table. Both leaders accepted the invitation and on September 4th 1978 the three parties began “what evolved into a thirteen-day session”(carter p 46). Carter’s aim was to have “Israelis and Egyptians understand and accept the compatibility of many of their goals and the advantages to both nations in resolving their differences”(carter p 45). After realizing that Sadat and Begin were personally impossible to work together, Carter decided to work with their representative separately. The talks

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