The Risk Factors And Development Of Cardiovascular Disease

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Cardiovascular disease, also known as CVD, is a killer that does not discriminate and affects people around the globe. “CVD is the most common cause of death worldwide, with 30% of all deaths attributed to the disease (World Health Organization (WHO) 2013” (Walker, 2013). Cardiovascular disease has a vast array of issues related to it as well as many risk factors; nevertheless, with positive behavioral changes many of these risk factors can be reduced, thus creating physiological changes. The cardiovascular system is a complex system made up of the heart and the many blood vessels throughout the body. It is an essential system for stability and maintaining homeostasis, supplying every region of the body with just the right amount of blood …show more content…
During this time period the heart has to work extra hard to pump blood through the body and can put major strain on the heart, which is a key contributor to heart attack and stroke (Harvard Heart, 2011). According to the CEPP, “up to 70% of cases of essential hypertension may be attributed, in part, to obesity” (James, 2012) which is another risk factor related to cardiovascular disease. Obesity can be programmed in early life and the development of obesity can be traced to the stages of pregnancy. This maternal obesity may induce changes in fetal growth, predisposing individuals to develop obesity (James, 2012), allowing them to be at greater risk for obesity in adolescence and adulthood. According to the DARIOS study both hypertension and diabetes
CARDIOVASCULAR 4 were associated with general and abdominal obesity (Daniel, 2013). This excess weight increases the heart’s work and has a wraparound affect to high blood pressure and problems controlling cholesterol. As mentioned above maternal obesity has a 36% higher risk of offspring developing Type 2 diabetes as well (James, 2012), which leads us to the diabetes risk
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This is not to say that the risks will be eliminated. However, those living with cardiovascular disease are much better equipped to continue with behavioral changes such as eating healthy nutritional meals, managing weight, and creating a lifestyle that includes physical activity along with the understanding of one’s body and how it functions as a whole (The American Heart Association, 2013). All of these changes are contributing factors in the physiological make up of a person and can lower the risks of all the diseases under the umbrella of cardiovascular disease. Knowledge of the cardiovascular system’s functionality and the importance it has on homeostasis is not only empowering, but also creates motivation to reduce the risks of cholesterol, hypertension, obesity, diabetes, diet, lack of exercise and eliminating the use of tobacco. These are goals that can be met with proven results and can improve the quality of life (Walker,

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