Symptoms And Causes Of Osteoporosis

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Osteoporosis Osteoporosis is a bone disease that affects the bone mass making bone become weak and brittle. This disease does affects a large majority of the population. According to the National Osteoporosis Foundation “a total of 54 million U.S adults age 50 and older are affected by osteoporosis.” There are many risk factors that are tied into this disease which will later be discussed. With knowledge of this topic maybe research will help prevent some of the risk that go with osteoporosis or help find treatment. To understand what osteoporosis is and how it works there many things to break down. Looking over the history, who this disease effects, why it effects the bones, testing for osteoporosis, finding correct treatment, and the side …show more content…
Some of which are preventable and some are not. Some of the ones that you cannot prevent is being a women, thinner and smaller body frame, and genetics. The ones that are preventable are lack of exercise, low levels of calcium, smoking, drinking, thyroid problems, eating disorders, steroid medications, and low estrogen. Postmenopausal or estrogen deficient is one of the leading causes of osteoporosis. According “Funk & Wagnall’s New World Encyclopedia”, “The most common form of the disease, primary osteoporosis, includes postmenopausal or Estrogen-deficient, osteoporosis, observed in women whose ovaries have stopped producing the Hormone estrogen (which promotes the absorption of calcium by bone); age-related osteoporosis, which affects those over the age of 60, women twice as frequently as men; and idiopathicosteoporosis, a rare disorder of unknown cause that affects premenopausal women and men who are middle-aged or younger.” Low calcium can also be a factor in osteoporosis. Calcium is used to make strong bones, but can become low due to poor eating habit and lack of exercise. Once the calcium is not being used in the bone it is moved to other parts of the body where it is …show more content…
Many people find out by failing when they are older and breaking a hip or vertebra which are the most common places to have brittle bones in this disease. According to “Everyday Health” doctors begin to test for osteoporosis by asking questions like “How much calcium and vitamin D do you get regularly?” and others that go along with common risk and signs for possibly having it. If at risk for bone loss then further testing can happen called DEXA scan. According to the “Everyday Health”, “The DEXA test is brief and painless, and involves lying flat for a few minutes while a wand-shaped device takes readings of your BMD from above. You will be exposed to a tiny amount of radiation during the test (only about 1/10th of the amount in a chest X-ray).” Once this is complete it will give a score between one 1 and -2.5. The higher the score means that your bones are healthy and normal. The lower the score shows obvious osteoporosis which should follow with needed

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