The Rise of China and Future of the West Essay

17678 Words May 3rd, 2011 71 Pages
The Rise of China and the Future of the West

Can the Liberal System Survive?
By G. John Ikenberry
January/February 2008
China's rise will inevitably bring the United States' unipolar moment to an end. But that does not necessarily mean a violent power struggle or the overthrow of the Western system. The U.S.-led international order can remain dominant even while integrating a more powerful China -- but only if Washington sets about strengthening that liberal order now.
G. JOHN IKENBERRY is Albert G. Milbank Professor of Politics and International Affairs at Princeton University and the author of After Victory: Institutions, Strategic Restraint, and the Rebuilding of Order After Major Wars.
Discussion Questions
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We met businessmen and students. Moreover, we have kept in touch with them through the Internet. We have currently more visitors from China than from France or Germany. Regarding Japan, we sojourned in Tokyo and Kyoto. Look at the next map (CIA source).


With an area of 9.6 million square kilometers, China is the third largest country in the world ( Next to Canada and Russia). It is the most populated (1.3 Billion). It is one of the oldest civilizations ( A written history of 4,000 years. Inventions of compass, paper-making, gunpowder and printing). For centuries China stood as a leading civilization, outpacing the rest of the world in the arts and sciences. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, the country was stormed by civil wars, famines, military defeats, and foreign occupation. After World War II, the Communists established a totalitarian power that cost the lives of tens of million people. After 1978, the communists focused on market. As a result, living standards have improved and the room for personal freedom expanded. However, China is still a dictatorship.

According to the UN lower projection (Revision 2004-See world population prospects) the global population (Including Hong Kong and Taiwan) would grow slowly and then stabilize ( 1,346 million in 2030). Thanks to birth control, China has succeeded in reducing its fertility rate. Whatever the projections, China will be less populated than India in the future.
China is a

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