The Rise Of Sectional Differences Caused By The United States

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With the rise of sectional differences caused by conflicting views regarding slavery, Lewis Cass, a Democratic Senator from Michigan, proposed a new idea to solve this issue. He introduced the concept of popular sovereignty, in which states decide whether or not to allow slavery based on a majority vote. In 1848, Cass became the Democrat nominee for the presidential election based around his campaign of popular sovereignty, also known as “squatter”. His opponents included Mexican war hero General Zachary Taylor of the Whigs party, along with former president Martin van Buren of the Free-Soil Party, who aimed at preserving the Western land for the whites only (“Vermilya”). Taylor defeated Cass by a narrow margin, but suddenly died in 1850 and was replaced by Millard Fillmore. Fillmore was a stronger supporter of compromises. Previously while Taylor was still in office, Henry Clay proposed the Compromise of 1850, in which (1) California would be admitted as a free state; (2) A stricter Fugitive Slave Law would be created; (3) Utah and New Mexico would decide slavery by popular sovereignty; and (4) Slave trade in the District of Columbia was prohibited. (“Compromise of 1850”). There was much controversy between the North and the South regarding the harsher Fugitive Slave Law, leading to an increase in sectionalism that would later play a strong role as a cause of the Civil War. In the Election of 1852, General Winfield Scott of the Whig party created a campaign that…

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