The Rise Of Moroccan Nationalism Essay

1877 Words Nov 29th, 2016 8 Pages
As consequence of this exile “Mohammad V appealed to the rural local armies which had once posed a threat to his rule by organizing them around the issue of Moroccan nationalism.” Furthermore, he kept on building alliances “using pre-existing colonial structures and appeals to the rural elite.”
In that event and upon independence, the now King Mohammad V attained total control from the French colonial regime. The monarchy as the utter representative of the institution already benefited from religious legitimacy as well as a new popularity that came from endorsing the independence movement. According to Suzan Miller (2013) “the king’s pre-existing alliances with the rural elite, the monarchy also enjoyed control over both armed groups within society – the professional armed forces and the militias.” As a result, the new “Moroccan army was 90% rural and Berber (versus the urban, Arab population) loyal to the monarchy and suspicious of the urban class.” Consequently, when the mostly-urban nationalist parties advocated for a “constitutional monarchy or expressed discontent in any form, the armed forces were readily available to put down revolt.”
Although the king was regarded as the “only force of stability for the country in the face of warring political parties,” the growing reliance on the military and the glorification of military leaders ultimately backfired and threatened to overthrow the monarch himself. As for Jordan throughout the same period, the King Hassan II…

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