The Rise Of Christianity And Christianity In The Middle Ages

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Fifteenth century scholars describe the Middle Ages as a “long period of darkness” during which society made dramatic changes from the end of the age of Ancient Rome. During this “dark” time, an important number of religious changes and advancements were made. The Middle Ages are divided into three periods: the Early Middle Ages, the High Middle Ages, and the Late Middle Ages. The Early Middle Ages saw the rise of Islam and the effects it would have on Christianity. Throughout this time, Jews, Christians, and Muslims would learn to live and tolerate each other. During the Late Middle Ages, the power of the church started to decline and all three of these religions were officially established. The religion of Islam began in the Early Middle …show more content…
Popes and religious leaders became more powerful, influencing politics in Europe. Those who did not conform to Christianity were seen as outsiders, meaning that in many areas, Muslims were not welcome and Islam was outlawed. The call to retake the holy city of Jerusalem caused warfare between Muslims and Christians that would last for hundreds of years. This was also the time of the Crusades, a series of religious wars and conquests led by the Catholic Church. These wars spread Christianity throughout all of Europe and the church became the center of community life. Jewish communities were also common in many parts of Europe. Christians began to resent the Jews because of the trade restrictions that the Jewish leaders put in place, and Christians began to think that violence was the answer, as they did with the Crusades. As violence increased, many Jews fled areas where they were not …show more content…
Christianity, Islam, and Judaism all celebrated major milestones in a person’s life. From birth, children were welcomed into the world. Infants were baptized soon after birth in Christian homes, and infant males were circumcised throughout the Jewish and Muslim communities. Great emphasis was placed on the importance of childbirth. In all religions, women prayed and participated in rituals so that they may become pregnant. Marriage was celebrated, as was death. Christian priests believed it was important to visit a person soon before they died, giving them a blessing a last communion. There was then a funeral that allowed the family a time to grieve and remember the life of who had passed. Muslims fasted on behalf of the dead and mourned for a brief period. The views that Jews had on death varied because they placed much more emphasis on the living. They also mourned for those who had died, and performed a ritual every day for eleven months and then every year on the anniversary of

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