The Rise And Failure Of The Weimar Republic

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Weimar Republic established in 1919 was a republic government based on a democratic constitution. The Weimar Republic remained unstable and eventually collapsed due to its association with the Treaty of Versailles, its inability to effectively handle the failing economy, and the lack of organization throughout the bureaucracy. Without rigid decision-making and discipline, the government allowed Hitler to rise through the ranks by playing on the public’s nationalism and fear of Communism, thus leading to the rise of what would be known as the Third Reich. Overall the Weimar Republic failed in democracy, it lasted fourteen years, which was two years longer than “Thousand-Year Reich” Hitler’s Nazi regime promised. The Weimar Republic achieved …show more content…
In the Versailles Treaty Germany agreed to losing colonies, military power and the most prominent portion of the treaty was Article 231 also known as the War Guilt Clause. “The Allied and Associated Governments affirm and Germany accepts the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage” (Henig, 21). Reparation payments, restrictions of military and the war guilt clause created a bitter distrust with the citizens and newly formed Weimar Republic. Many German citizens after the surrender felt as if they did not lose the war but right wing politicians and military leaders in the Weimar Republic were betraying their own government. Also known as stab-in-the-back-myth. “The Germans did lose the war- in fact, it was the military leaders Generals Paul von Hindenburg and Erich Ludendorff in October 1918 who convinced the civilian government that it was necessary for peace” (BERGEN 27). While looking for an explanation for the surrender and defeat the stab-in-the-back …show more content…
The framework of the constitution was envisioned to follow the principles of democracy based off theories from Britain, France and United States, still provided a connection from the past. “Compromise between advance liberal-democratically thinking and more traditionalist and conservative political culture that had been inherited from the empire” (Storer 58). The parliament included a lower house (the Reichstag) and an elected upper house of (the Reichsrat) who were selected the federal states (Lander). The head of the government was the Chancellor who was appointed by the President (Quote from Lecture). The Weimar constitution was intended to make a democratic political government, which was thought to provide checks and balances. Article 48, was then established to protect the national security and control the fear of German people, this allowed the president to declare a state of decree, which provided an essential fault in the constitution from the beginning.“…As a short-term measure to defend the republic and the German people at a time of public disorder” (Storer 63). Evidently Hitler used to take full power legally in 1933. Another fault in the constitution was the unbalance of proportional representation of seats in the Reichstag. This created a fault because one

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