The Rights Of The United States Essay

2007 Words Mar 2nd, 2016 null Page
Columbus first landed in Guantánamo Bay in 1494, naming it Puerto Grande. US Marines didn’t set foot on Guantánamo until 1898 during the Spanish-American war. The Marines were seeking refuge from a Hurricane. Guantánamo Naval Station was erected in 1903 (National Geographic). The site was originally a refugee camp but later would become a detention center known for its intelligence operations In 2002 under the bush administration Guantánamo began to use torture techniques claiming these people were neither civilians nor soldiers but unlawful combatants (National Geographic). Therefore inmates were not entitled to the protection of the Geneva Convention, which states in Article 3 that soldiers captured in wartime must be treated humanely, and strictly prohibits torture (Council on Foreign Relations). New Guantánamo practices included waterboarding and stripping inmates down then unleashing dogs on them. By 2003 the Pentagon was opposing the Bush administration claiming that these practices were contrary to American Values and beyond the scope of US legality. In 2004 The Supreme Court took up the case and repealed Bush’s executive order allowing torture. In 2008 the Supreme Court ruled in Boumediene v. Bush/Al Odah v. United States that detainees at Guantánamo Bay have a constitutional right to habeas corpus (Center for Constitutional Rights). In early 2009 Barack Obama took office with the promise of closing Guantánamo Bay. Two days after his inauguration Obama signed…

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