The Renaissance And The Protestant Reformation

1870 Words 8 Pages
The Protestant Reformation changed the course of history, leading to several conflicts between Catholics and Protestants, among those who defended the permanence of medieval society and those who wanted the freedom of a new era, a new model of society. This paper describes and analyzes the Protestant Reformation of the 16th century and its political impact within the complex religious, social, political and intellectual context that lived Europe then. The text considers the causes of this important movement, its characteristics and its Reformers, as well as effects on the church and the society. The Reformation, which took place in the early 16th century, had great consequences not only for European countries and for the role and body of the …show more content…
These two events, the Renaissance and the Protestant Reformation, can be found, in a way, interconnected.Patrick James, Renaissance and Reformation (New York: Marshall Cavendish, 2007), p. 113. The Renaissance has given origin to changes that favoured a Reformation. Keith Randell emphasizes, even more, this connection, stating that.

The Reformation can be seen as an economic protest against a grasping Church, or as a political protest by German princes wishing to restrict the power of foreigners. The Renaissance rejected blind obedience to authority and focused on the potential of every human being. Martin Luther used these principles to question the Catholic Church with dramatic results.Russel Tarr and Keith Randell, Access to History: Luther and the Reformation in Europe 1500-64 4th ed.
(United Kingdom: Hodder Education, 2015), p.
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In the period of the Reformation, the first thing that stands out is the apparent growth of physical power and the coherence of states. Ethics begins to be regulated by aesthetic principles and linked to nature and its laws, society and its ends, becoming also more explicitly anthropological and individual, related that is with the choices of the individual and with their subjectivity, as well as its own personal view of the world. An ethic that extends to individual and society arises and demands a new formation of modern man in the face of the changes that are taking place. In relation to the structure and economic life of Europe in this period, Max Weber presents in his book Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism an in-depth analysis of the changes in the economic and social sphere that occurred after the Reformation. He advises that the "spirit of capitalism" should not be understood as a consequence or product of the Reformation and associated with Luther, Max Weber, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (London: Routledge, 2001), pp. 42-3. who would have repudiated it in the way it was consolidated but shows how the form of social organization and ideas born of Protestantism - especially those developed and defended later by Calvinism - contributed to the consolidation of this "spirit of

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