The Relationship Between Early Childhood Experiences And Career Behavior

813 Words Nov 30th, 2016 4 Pages
Anne Roe was born and raised in Denver, Colorado. She was the second oldest out of four children. At the age of nineteen, Roe earned her Bachelors from the University if Denver in 1923. In 1925, she received her masters in Psychology and Education. In 1933, Roe earned her Ph.D. in Experimental Psychology from Colombia. Roe was a clinical psychologist that originally became interested in career behavior through her research investigation on personality factors related to artists’ expression and creativity (Niles & Bowlsbey, 2013). According to Roe’s personality theory, people have unconscious psychological needs that must be met. Parenting style influences whether a child’s need was met/unmet. Various combinations of met/unmet needs create one’s personality continuing in adulthood. In Roe perspective, “the relationship between early childhood experiences and subsequent career behavior is mediated by the structure of psychological needs that develop due to the pattern of frustration and satisfactions experienced in childhood” (Niles & Bowlsbey, 2013, p. 63). Roe referred to Maslow’s hierarchy of needs to define her definition of needs. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs consist of basic need; psychological and safety, psychological needs; belonging and love and esteem and self-fulfillment needs; self-actualization. Using Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, Roe subscribed seven of Maslow’s eight needs to her theory. Roe’s seven needs are physiological, safety, belonging and love,…

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