The Relationship Between Athens And Athenians

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Who would have thought that one of the greatest rivalries in the ancient world stemmed from a former friendship? The Spartans and Athenians started out as allies fighting against the Persian to becoming fierce rivals fighting in Greece. With the increase in naval power of the Athenians to the jealousy of the Spartans, the two Greek city-states would not have the same military might that they once possessed after the conflict was finally resolved.
Athens began as a small city-state and grew to embody the Greek virtues and prestige (Mark). Rumor is that the city was named after the Greek God Athena. The early Mycenaean period (1550-1100 BCE) gave rise to Athens. The aristocrats were in control of the land and the government of Athens and enslaved
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Sparta, also known as Lacedaemon, was a Greek city-state in the present day region of Southern Greece called Laconia (Sparta). Their life revolved around their military service to the city-state. At the early ages of Spartan hood, the boys entered the Agoge, which was their education system that focused on military training, education, obedience and self-control (Sparta). Spartan girls were freer than most other Greek woman was because they were able to get an education, tend land, etc. This led to the manual labor being done by the slave class called Helots (Sparta). Loyalty was everything to the Spartans. Unlike the Athenians who focused on learning and philosophy, the Spartans instilled warrior ethos in their soldiers. Spartan boys began training around the age of seven and were required to serve until the age of 60. In the eyes of the law, the Spartans were all equals. However, this equality did not make its way into the economic realm of the Spartan city-state (Michell …show more content…
This cooperation came after an invasion of their homeland. The Greeks tried to colonize the Asia Minor and the Persians were furious about it. King Darius of Persia asked the Greeks to pay a tribute. Instead, the Greek killed the messenger and this enraged the King. The Persians had control over this land and had the Ionian Greeks under their control. The Ionians found the Persian rules oppressive and started an uprising in499 BC. The Persians wanted to expand its territory and expand into Greece. In addition, the Greeks aided the Ionians in the revolution so the Persians wanted revenge, thus leading to the Greco-Persian Wars, 492-449 BC (Gill). The first major battle was the Battle of Marathon fought between the Persians and the Athenians. In order to get help, Athens sent a messenger by the name of Philippides to request the help of Sparta. They were in the middle of their religious festivities so they declined joining at first. The Spartans would not arrive for another three days, which brought some slight resentment (Jones 56). After the Spartans arrived, the tide of the war changed drastically in the Greeks favor. Athens used their mighty navy and Sparta had its army. The two city-state worked together easily defeating Persia and driving them out of

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