The Relationship Between African Self Consciousness And Black Racial Identity

1982 Words Mar 24th, 2016 8 Pages
Pierre and Mahalik (2005) investigated the relationship between African self-consciousness and Black racial identity as predictors of the psychological well-being among Black men. They cited Baldwin (1981, 1984) and Kambon (1992) who believes that those who are Black should develop knowledge and awareness of their cultural heritage, cultural identity, and identify factors that uphold Black life. Baldwin encouraged Blacks to oppose European principles (e.g., individualism) and social influences that compete with Africentric identity, which forces Blacks to their Africentric values. Pierre and Mahalik (2005) hypothesized that attitudes reflecting greater levels of African self-consciousness and Internalization racial identity status will predict less psychological distress and greater self-esteem for Black men, whereas Preencounter and Immersion racial identity attitudes will relate to greater psychological distress and less self-esteem.
Their sample consisted of 130 Black males, 40 from the community and 90 from various universities. Their ages ranged from 18 to 25 years with an average of 20.32 years of age. Participants completed the African Self-Consciousness Scale (Baldwin & Bell, 1985); the Black Racial Identity Attitude Scale–B (Parham & Helms, 1981); the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (Coopersmith, 1967); the Symptom Check List—90 Revised (Derogatis, 1994).
Results indicated that four out of the five hypothesizes relationships between predictors and the well-being…

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