Essay on The Reign Of The Roman Inquisition And Galileo

1495 Words Dec 1st, 2014 6 Pages
It was a warm June day in Rome. Francesco Niccolini, a Tuscan ambassador, and Galileo Galilei, an aging mathematician, sat in the Villa Medici awaiting their call to the Holy Office. It had been months since the beginning of his trial with the Roman Inquisition and Galileo was ready to be finished with the ordeal. He had been ill since the first session of his interrogation back in April and his condition had continued to worsen. Niccolini had already been informed of the old man’s sentence, but chose to keep the information to himself. Galileo was finally called to his audience with the cardinals of the court. His heart raced in anticipation of the outcome. Would he be allowed to return home to Pisa, or would this be his final day on earth? He walked into the room, the men holding his fate sat before him, and he waited for them to provide his sentence.
The Roman Catholic Church dominated Europe from the Middle Ages through much of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. It possessed the power to tell people what they could and could not believe, how they could interpret the Bible, and to punish anyone who disobeyed its orders. During the Renaissance, it began to incorporate classical Greek and Roman ideas into its theologies, but once the Protestant Reformation began, it turned back to a strict enforcement of Catholic tradition. The Church began the Catholic Reformation in an attempt to regain its once uncontested authority. One of the most tragic effects of this…

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