The Reformation: The Beliefs Of Martin Luther And The Reformation

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The reformation first stated with Martin Luther. His father wanted Martin to study law at the University of Erfurt, but to his disappointment, he became an Augustinian monk instead. It was there that he preached and fasted as much as he could. After he became a professor in theology at the University of Wittenberg, he got an understanding that God’s justice cannot be in punishment, but by mercy and faith, and that only by God’s grace would the people be saved instead of their own effort. He wrote a list of the Ninety-five Theses to dismantle the doctrine of indulgences. Luther then came to the conclusion that the pope and all clerics are all fallible, and the only highest authority is the Scripture’s truth. That put him in a lot of trouble …show more content…
He gave out two rights for the people: one is to determine the meaning of Christian faith and explain the changes in the name of the gospel; and to choose a pastor to preach the Word of God just as the community understood it. He then pointed out that the people has to know what and where the Christian congregation are, so that they do not perform any human affairs in its name. In his right, they should not care about the customs and law, even if they were made by the authorities, if everyone accepted them, or if they can last even a lifetime. He even mentioned that Christ can take away the right to judge from the bishops, scholars, and councils, to everyone equally, but the papal authorities can take them from the people for …show more content…
He believed that the peasants should peruse first the honor of God, then the common good, expel all godless people, and live according to the Christian laws. He suggested that all privileges should be eliminated, and the walls around cities, castles, and fortifications in the territory should be demolished. All images, statues, and chapels not in the church should be destroyed, under his request, and the word of God should be preached with faith and truth. He wanted the courts to be arranged conveniently, excluding the clergy, and its whole district to elect a judge annually, as well as eight jurors. He demanded a central government for the territory, and a university where only the word of God is taught. He insisted that customs payments should be eliminated within the territory, but managed in the borders, and that the tithe should be paid according to God’s commandment. He needed the sick to be provided with care and medical attention, old people to live, and orphans to be raised as honorable people, and four commanders, and a commander in chief, to be hired for the whole territory. He required that the bogs and lowlands to be fertile, and in every district, the whole community to work in and clear the fields and commons, and make good meadowland out of them. He requested all the chalices and jewelry from all the churches melted and used for common goods, and good

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