# Essay about The Reaction of Iron Nails with a Copper Solution

932 Words Dec 9th, 2012 4 Pages
Section Assignment 3.4 Part F – The Reaction of Iron Nails with a Copper Solution
Introduction:
The experiment in this activity involves the reaction between a copper (II) chloride solution with iron nails and the mole ratios involved in the reaction. Measurements are taken to determine the moles of each reactant involved in the reaction and thus the number of atoms or molecules involved.
Apparatus and Materials:
Refer to the reaction of iron nails with a copper solution assignment in Module 3, Section assignment 3.4 Part F of the Chemistry 11 course.
I was unable to do this experiment because I do not have access to an appropriate facility that is designed for chemistry experiments, appropriate safety equipment, or a qualified
2) Place the solid wastes in the container provided by the instructor. 3) Wash your hands thoroughly.
Data:
The nails became coated with a copper coloured substance as the reaction progresses. The solution changes from bright blue to a lighter blue colour.
Results and Questions:

1. 113.02 - 105.52 = 7.50 g 2. 3.82 g - 3.04 g = 0.78 g 3. 0.78 g Fe x moles Fe/55.8 grams Fe = 0.01 moles 4. 106.41 g - 105.52 g = 0.89 grams 5. 0.89 g Cu x moles Cu/63.5 grams Cu = 0.01 moles 6. 1:1 7. 0.01 moles Fe • 6.02 x 1023 = 6.02 x 1021 atoms of Fe
0.01 moles Cu • 6.02 x 1023 = 6.02 x 1021 atoms of Cu 8. CuCl2 is blue but the Cu is colourless. 9. CuCl2 + Fe Cu + FeCl2 10. 100. grams Fe x moles Fe/ 55.8 grams Fe x 1 mole Cu/ 1 mole Fe = 1.79 moles
1.79 • 6.02 x 1023 = 1.08 atoms
1.79 moles Cu x 63.5 grams Cu/moles Cu = 114 grams Cu(s)
Conclusions and Discussions:
When you place a steel (iron) nail in a CuCl2 solution, the iron first displaces the copper and forms FeCl2, because iron is more reactive than copper. If you leave the FeCl2 out (it is a clear solution, with a slightly green tint) in contact with air, it slowly oxidizes to form FeCl3 (a yellow-orange solution). Of course, the colors could be mixed up, as no nail is pure iron. You will get impurities ranging from carbon (if it's a steel nail) to magnesium to

## Related Documents

• ###### Lab Report Essay

unit for analyzing chemical reactions. Avogadro’s number is equal to the mole. The mass of a mole of any compound or element is the mass in grams that corresponds to the molecular formula, also known as the atomic mass. In this experiment, you will observe the reaction of iron nails with a solution of copper (II) chloride and determine the number of moles involved in the reaction. You will determine the number of moles of copper produced in the reaction of iron and copper (II) chloride, determine the…

Words: 1272 - Pages: 6
• ###### Chemistry Internal Assessment Essay

the combined piece into some sort of solution that creates conductive atmosphere , the general purpose of a voltaic cell is to convert the chemical reaction between the metals and the solution into an electrical charge , Hypothesis: the voltage produced by magnesium and cupper = the sum of the voltage produced by magnasium and iron ; and iron and cupper Variables: Independent variable: one metal use in one voltaic half cell: (half of the redox reaction occurs at each half cell, Therefore…

Words: 1027 - Pages: 5
• ###### Essay The Nature Of Matter And Its Classification

Students will analyze the nature of matter and its classification. The firearm itself and the ammunition were created with the help of chemistry. From the chemical makeup of the firearm and ammunition, to the reaction that occurs when the gun is fired, chemistry is present. The reason of this standard is to explain the nature of the materials that create firearms. The frame and barrel of firearms are made out of stainless steel. This is because of steel’s properties. Steel’s…

Words: 1753 - Pages: 8
• ###### Orange Battery Essays

Like a lemon or a potato, an orange can produce electricity if a copper and zinc terminals are inserted in it. The copper terminal is positive whereas the zinc is negative. The chemical reaction inside the potato causes the electrons to move from the zinc to the copper. The experiment was demonstrated by Mustafa Daif and assited by Fatima Ali. Special thanks go to Christina Matouq. Veggie Power! Making Batteries from Fruits and Vegetables Project Kit Available! Order Your Project Supplies…

Words: 3833 - Pages: 16
• ###### Chem Syllabus Essay examples

challenges of a rapidly changing world using the scientific approach. Chemistry is concerned with the physical and chemical properties of substances and the interaction of energy and matter. The study of Chemistry involves an investigation into chemical reactions and processes. The discipline seeks to explain and predict events at the atomic and molecular level. Through the principles of Chemistry, students will understand everyday life, nature and technology, and the significance of the well-being of man…

Words: 24323 - Pages: 98
• ###### Vitamins and Minerals in Modern Society Essay example

making fatty acids. Vitamins also act as coenzymes to carry chemical groups between enzymes. For example, folic acid carries various forms of carbon group – methyl, formyl and methylene - in the cell. Although these roles in assisting enzyme reactions are vitamins' best-known function, the other vitamin functions are equally important. Vitamins are classified as either water-soluble or fat-soluble. In humans there are 13 vitamins: 9 water-soluble (8 B vitamins and vitamin C) and 4 fat-soluble…

Words: 7979 - Pages: 32
• ###### Essay on Biology

Chapter 4: States of Matter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 Chapter 5: Matter—Properties and Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 Chapter 6: Atomic Structure and Chemical Bonds. . . . . . . . . . .21 Chapter 7: Chemical Reactions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 Chapter 8: Substances, Mixtures, and Solubility . . . . . . . . . . . .25 Chapter 9: Carbon Chemistry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29 Chapter 10: Motion and Momentum . . . .…

Words: 14372 - Pages: 58
• ###### “Anti-Fungal of Marigold (Calendula Officinalis) Flower Extract

marigolds, such as corn marigold, desert marigold, or marsh marigold or plants of the genus Tagetes.(http://hmtjournals.com/vol2_2/13) Allergic skin reactions are very common, and it can be difficult to figure out what causes them. There are hundreds of different kinds of rashes that can be caused by many things, such as plants like poison ivy, allergic reactions to a medication or a food, or a response to an illness. (Daniel More, MD) Allergic eczema (atopic dermatitis) and hives (urticarial) are two…

Words: 7820 - Pages: 32
• ###### Culinary Final Study Guide Essay examples

Culinary Exam Review Contaminants • Chemical o Toxic metals (lead, copper, brass, zinc) o Chemicals (cleaning products, polish, lubricants, sanitizers) o Pesricides • Physical: glass, metal, nail polish • Biological o Seafood toxins o Plant toxins o Fungal toxins o Pathogens o Bacteria o Parasites o Viruses Pathogens: Microorganisms that cause illnesses (virus, bacteria, parasites and…

Words: 6937 - Pages: 28
• ###### Health Promotion and Prevention Essay example

this text are in accordance with the current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any change in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new or infrequently employed drug. Some…

Words: 118768 - Pages: 476